Studies in Early Indian Thought by Dorothea Jane StephenStudies in Early Indian Thought by Dorothea Jane Stephen

Studies in Early Indian Thought

byDorothea Jane Stephen

Paperback | January 30, 2012

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1918. Excerpt: ... CHAPTER II THE DIVINE NATURE IN THE UPANISHADS In the Upanishads we find a doctrine not only of the divine, but also of human nature. In the Vedas there is not much said about this; human nature was taken as something simple, familiar and obvious. It is the change on this point that marks the difference between the ages of the Vedas and the Upanishads. Each Veda was followed by its own Brahmana. These were long books, giving minute directions for the right performance of ritual, in ceremonies which were intended to go on for days, sometimes for months, elaborate beyond belief. The Brahmanas end in philosophical treatises, the work of men who wanted to find truth and reason behind the wearisome proceedings to which custom bound them; and these treatises are the Upanishads. The derivation of the word Upanishad is not known; it is generally supposed to be from upa-ni-sad, 'to sit down,' because the doctrine would be taught to the students as they sat round their teacher. Another derivation makes the word mean 'the destroyer,' that by which ignorance is destroyed. The number of Upanishads is generally reckoned as a hundred and eight, but of these only twelve matter in the present connection. These are the most authoritative, and some of them are the oldest; and they were commented on by the great scholar, £amkaracharya. It is not possible to put any exact date to them; but the oldest are older than Buddhism, for the Buddhist books refer to them, whereas they do not refer to the Buddhists; but they do refer to the Vedas as a completed whole, so that we may say that the oldest Upanishads were composed between the completion of the Vedas and the preaching of Buddha, that is before the sixth century B.c, perhaps about the time of the kingdoms of Israel and J...
Title:Studies in Early Indian ThoughtFormat:PaperbackDimensions:42 pages, 9.69 × 7.44 × 0.09 inPublished:January 30, 2012Publisher:General Books LLCLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0217561993

ISBN - 13:9780217561990