Eleven papers by distinguished British and American philosophers are brought together in this volume. Five of the contributors engage in effect in a running debate about knowledge. How does knowledge relate to evidence? How reliable need one be to have knowledge? Once sceptical doubt has been introduced is there any untainted evidence to show that it is misplaced? Does verificationism succeed inshowing that scepticism is untenable? Or is there a natural propensity for belief which explains why we are not in fact sceptics?The other six tackle questions about logic and its relation to language. Can one give a 'realist' account of logical truth without supposing that logic has a subject-matter? How do theories of descriptions fare when tested by their handling of functions? How can indirect speech report someone's useof words like 'this'? Does our language count for or against adopting second-order logic?These papers, given in the British Academy Philosophical Lectures series, are all examples of recent philosophy at its best.