Sulfuric Acid Manufacture: Analysis, Control And Optimization

Hardcover | July 11, 2013

byMatt King, Michael Moats, William G. Davenport

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By some measure the most widely produced chemical in the world today, sulfuric acid has an extraordinary range of modern uses, including phosphate fertilizer production, explosives, glue, wood preservative and lead-acid batteries. An exceptionally corrosive and dangerous acid, production of sulfuric acid requires stringent adherence to environmental regulatory guidance within cost-efficient standards of production. This work provides an experience-based review of how sulfuric acid plants work, how they should be designed and how they should be operated for maximum sulfur capture and minimum environmental impact. Using a combination of practical experience and deep physical analysis, Davenport and King review sulfur manufacturing in the contemporary world where regulatory guidance is becoming ever tighter and where new processes are being required to meet them , and where water consumption and energy considerations are being brought to bear on sulfuric acid plant operations. This 2e will examine in particular newly developed acid-making processes and new methods of minimizing unwanted sulfur emissions. The target readers are recently graduated science and engineering students who are entering the chemical industry and experienced professionals within chemical plant design companies, chemical plant production companies, sulfuric acid recycling companies and sulfuric acid users. They will use the book to design, control, optimize and operate sulfuric acid plants around the world. Unique mathematical analysis of sulfuric acid manufacturing processes, providing a sound basis for optimizing sulfuric acid manufacturing processes Analysis of recently developed sulfuric acid manufacturing techniques suggests advantages and disadvantages of the new processes from the energy and environmental points of view Analysis of tail gas sulfur capture processes indicates the best way to combine sulfuric acid making and tailgas sulfur-capture processes from the energy and environmental points of view Draws on industrial connections of the authors through years of hands-on experience in sulfuric acid manufacture

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From the Publisher

By some measure the most widely produced chemical in the world today, sulfuric acid has an extraordinary range of modern uses, including phosphate fertilizer production, explosives, glue, wood preservative and lead-acid batteries. An exceptionally corrosive and dangerous acid, production of sulfuric acid requires stringent adherence to...

Professor William George Davenport is a graduate of the University of British Columbia and the Royal School of Mines, London. Prior to his academic career he worked with the Linde Division of Union Carbide in Tonawanda, New York. He spent a combined 43 years of teaching at McGill University and the University of Arizona.His Union Carbi...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:608 pages, 9 × 6 × 0.98 inPublished:July 11, 2013Publisher:Elsevier Science & TechLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0080982204

ISBN - 13:9780080982205

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Table of Contents

  1. Overview
  2. Production and Consumption
  3. Sulfur Burning
  4. Metallurgical Offgas Cooling and Cleaning
  5. Regeneration of Spent Sulfuric Acid
  6. Dehydrating Air and Gases with Strong Sulfuric Acid
  7. Catalytic Oxidation of SO2to SO3
  8. SO2Oxidation Catalyst and Catalyst Beds
  9. Production of H2SO4( !) from SO3(g)
  10. Oxidation of SO2to SO3Equilibrium Curves
  11. SO2Oxidation Heatup Paths
  12. Maximum SO2Oxidation: Heatup Path-Equilibrium Curve Intercepts
  13. Cooling 1stCatalyst Bed Exit Gas
  14. 2ndCatalyst Bed Heatup Path
  15. Maximum SO2Oxidation in a 2ndCatalyst Bed
  16. 3rdCatalyst Bed SO2Oxidation
  17. SO3and CO2in Feed Gas
  18. 3 Catalyst Bed Acid Plants
  19. After-H2SO4-Making SO2Oxidation
  20. Optimum Double Contact Acidmaking
  21. Enthalpies and Enthalpy Transfers
  22. Control of Gas Temperature by Bypassing
  23. H2SO4Making
  24. Acid Temperature Control and Heat Recovery
  25. Making Sulfuric Acid from Wet Feed Gas
  26. Other New Sulfuric Acid Manufacturing Processes
  27. SO3Gas Recycle for High SO2Concentration Gas Treatment
  28. Sulfur-from-Tailgas Removal Processes
  29. Minimizing Sulfur Emissions
  30. Optim

Editorial Reviews

"The 2006 first edition has been updated with seven new chapters, and one additional author, Moats.They consider such topics as metallurgical offgas cooling and cleaning, the catalytic oxidation of S2 to S3, the second catalyst bed heatup path, the three catalyst bed acid plant, acid temperature and control and heat recovery, wet sulfuric acid process fundamentals, and the cost of sulfuric acid production."--Reference & Research Book News, December 2013