Sustaining Civil Society: Economic Change, Democracy, and the Social Construction of Citizenship in…

Paperback | April 16, 2014

byPhilip Oxhorn

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“South America is not the poorest continent in the world, but it may very well be the most unjust.” This statement by Ricardo Lagos, then president of Chile, at the Summit of the Americas in January 2004 captures nicely the dilemma that faces Latin American countries in the wake of the transition to democracy that swept across the continent in the last two decades of the twentieth century. While political rights are now available to citizens at unprecedented levels, social and economic rights lag far behind, and the fledgling democracies struggle with long legacies of poverty, inequality, and corruption. Key to understanding what is happening in Latin America today is the relationship between the state and civil society. In this ambitious book, Philip Oxhorn sets forth a theory of civil society adequate for explaining current developments in a way that such controversial neoconservative theories as Francis Fukuyama’s liberal triumphalism or Samuel Huntington’s “clash of civilizations” cannot. Inspired by the rich political sociology of an earlier era and the classic work of T. H. Marshall on citizenship, Oxhorn studies the process by which social groups are incorporated, or not, into national socioeconomic and political development through an approach that focuses on the “social construction of citizenship.”

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“South America is not the poorest continent in the world, but it may very well be the most unjust.” This statement by Ricardo Lagos, then president of Chile, at the Summit of the Americas in January 2004 captures nicely the dilemma that faces Latin American countries in the wake of the transition to democracy that swept across the cont...

Philip Oxhorn is Professor of Political Science and Founding Director of the Institute for the Study of International Development at McGill University.

other books by Philip Oxhorn

What Kind of Democracy? What Kind of Market?: Latin America in the Age of Neoliberalism
What Kind of Democracy? What Kind of Market?: Latin Ame...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:296 pages, 9 × 6 × 0.7 inPublished:April 16, 2014Publisher:Penn State University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0271048956

ISBN - 13:9780271048956

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Extra Content

Table of Contents

Contents

List of Figures

List of Tables

Acknowledgments

Abbreviations

1 Civil Society and the Social Construction of Citizenship

2 Controlled Inclusion and the Elusive Goal of Citizenship as Agency

3 Dictatorship or Democracy: The Rise of Neopluralism and Citizenship as Consumption

4 Testing the Limits of Citizenship: Chile’s Democratic Transition

5 The Failure of Citizenship: Bolivia’s Popular Participation Law

6 The Promise of Citizenship: Civil Society and Mexico’s Transition to Democracy

7 Latin America’s Democratic Crossroads: The Challenge of Making Civil Society Relevant

Notes

References

Index

Editorial Reviews

“Sustaining Civil Society confirms Philip Oxhorn’s intellectual leadership in the field of citizenship and civil society studies. This book probes the construction of citizenship at the intersection of complex economic, sociocultural, and political transformations in societies deeply scarred by egregious inequalities. Oxhorn masterfully weaves together sophisticated theoretical analysis with empirically rich case studies of Bolivia, Chile, and Mexico to establish new benchmarks for research in comparative politics and political sociology.”—William C. Smith, University of Miami, editor of Latin American Politics and Society