Syrian Jewry in Transition, 1840-1880 by Yaron HarelSyrian Jewry in Transition, 1840-1880 by Yaron Harel

Syrian Jewry in Transition, 1840-1880

byYaron Harel

Paperback | March 20, 2014

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This pioneering study offers a comprehensive account of Syria's key Jewish communities at an important juncture in their history that also throws light on the broader effects of modernization in the Ottoman empire. The Ottoman reforms of the mid-nineteenth century accelerated the process ofopening up Syria up to European travellers and traders, and gave Syria's Jews access to European Jewish communities. The resulting influx of Western ideas led to a decline in the traditional economy, with serious consequences for the Jewish occupational structure. It also allowed for theintroduction of Western education, through schools run by the Alliance Israelite Universelle, influenced the structure and the administration of Jewish society in Syria, and changed the balance of the relationship between Muslims, Christians, and Jews. Initially Syria's Jewish communities flourishedeconomically and politically in these new circumstances, but there was a developing recognition that their future lay overseas. After the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869, the bankruptcy of the Ottoman empire in 1875, and the suspension of the Ottoman constitution in 1878, this feeling intensified.A process of decline set in that ultimately culminated in large-scale Jewish emigration, first to Egypt and then to the West. From that point on, the future for Syrian Jews lay in the West, not the East. Detailed and compelling, this book covers Jewish community life, the legal status of Jews inSyria, their relationship with their Muslim and Christian neighbours, and their links with the West. It draws on a wide range of archival material in six languages, including Jewish, Christian Arab, and Muslim Arab sources, Ottoman and European documents, consular reports, travel accounts, andreports from the contemporary press and by emissaries to Syria of the Alliance Israelite Universelle. Rabbinic sources, including the archive of the chief rabbinate in Istanbul, are particularly important in opening a window onto Syrian Jewish life and concerns. Together these sources bring to lightan enormous amount of material and provide a broad, multifaceted perspective on the Syrian Jewish community. A work of impressive scholarship, offering new insights into and understanding of the impact of Ottoman reforms on the restructuring of the Syrian Jewish community.
Yaron Harel is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Jewish History at Bar Ilan University. He is the author of The Books of Aleppo (1997) and Intrigue and Revolution in the Jewish Communities of Damascus, Aleppo, and Baghdad, 1744-1914 (forthcoming from the Littman Library).
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Title:Syrian Jewry in Transition, 1840-1880Format:PaperbackDimensions:320 pages, 9 × 6 × 0.68 inPublished:March 20, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:1906764565

ISBN - 13:9781906764562

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