Systematic Lexicography

Paperback | December 14, 2008

byJuri Derenick ApresjanTranslated byKevin Windle

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This book unites lexicography with theoretical linguistics. The two fields tend to ignore each other; lexicographers produce dictionaries, linguists grammars. As a result grammars and dictionaries are often discordant and sometimes glaringly incompatible. In Systematic Lexicography JuriApresjan shows the insights linguistics has to offer lexicography, and equally that the achievements and challenges of lexicography provide a rewarding field for linguistic enquiry.The author presents the vocabulary of a language as a complicated system reflecting a specific view of the world. He does so within an integrated theory of language in which descriptions of grammatical and lexical properties of language units, and the conceptualizations underlying them, interact.Each lexeme, he argues, is a point of intersection of various lexicographic types of lexemes-classes of lexemes with shared semantic, syntactic, pragmatic, or communicative properties, that are sensitive to the same rules, and which should thus be uniformly described in the dictionary. When anylexeme is viewed against the whole set of linguistic rules, new facets emerge, and these reveal, he shows, key characteristics of words that dictionaries do not currently record. Professor Apresjan not only presents an original, unified theory of language inspired by the Moscow school of semantics. He also works out its consequences and describes the problems he faced in applying it to the lexicographic and grammatical description of Russian. The reader will find thattravelling with the author through Russian semantic space is both enlightening and entertaining. The book's wealth of lexical facts, illuminated by systematic thought, give it unique character and importance. It will be of great interest to theoretical linguists and to all concerned with the writingof dictionaries, as well as to semanticists and students of Russian.

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From the Publisher

This book unites lexicography with theoretical linguistics. The two fields tend to ignore each other; lexicographers produce dictionaries, linguists grammars. As a result grammars and dictionaries are often discordant and sometimes glaringly incompatible. In Systematic Lexicography JuriApresjan shows the insights linguistics has to of...

Professor Juri Apresjan is Head of the Department of Theoretical Semantics, Russian Language Institute, and Principal Researcher at the Institute for Information Transmission Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences. He is the author of eight monographs and seven monolingual and bilingual dictionaries, among them the three-volume New Com...
Format:PaperbackDimensions:306 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.77 inPublished:December 14, 2008Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199554250

ISBN - 13:9780199554256

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Table of Contents

IntroductionPart I: Problems of Synonymy1. English Synonyms and a Dictionary of Synonyms2. Types of Information in a Dictionary of Synonyms3. The Picture of Man as Reconstructed from Linguistic Data: An Attempt at a Systematic Description4. The Synonymy of Mental Predicates: schitat' [to consider] and its Synonyms5. The Problem of Factivity: znat' [to know] and its Synonyms6. Khotet' [to want] and its Synonyms: Notes about WordsPart II: Systematic Lexicography7. Metaphor in the Semantic Representation of Emotions8. On the Language of Explications and Semantic Primitives9. Lexicographic Portraits (A Case Study of the Verb byt' [to be]10. A Lexicographic Portrait of the Verb vyiti [to emerge, come out]ReferencesIndex of English LexemesIndex of Russian LexemesSubject IndexIndex of Names

Editorial Reviews

`Semanticists will find Apresjan's work accessible and interesting, and his approach refreshing.'Journal of Linguistics