Systematicity: The Nature of Science

Paperback | November 1, 2015

byPaul Hoyningen-Huene

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In Systematicity, Paul Hoyningen-Huene answers the question "What is science?" by proposing that scientific knowledge is primarily distinguished from other forms of knowledge, especially everyday knowledge, by being more systematic. "Science" is here understood in the broadest possible sense,encompassing not only the natural sciences but also mathematics, the social sciences, and the humanities. The author develops his thesis in nine dimensions in which it is claimed that science is more systematic than other forms of knowledge: regarding descriptions, explanations, predictions, thedefense of knowledge claims, critical discourse, epistemic connectedness, an ideal of completeness, knowledge generation, and the representation of knowledge. He compares his view with positions on the question held by philosophers from Aristotle to Nicholas Rescher. The book concludes with an exploration of some consequences of Hoyningen-Huene's view concerning the genesis and dynamics of science, the relationship of science and common sense, normative implications of the thesis, and the demarcation criterion between science and pseudo-science.

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In Systematicity, Paul Hoyningen-Huene answers the question "What is science?" by proposing that scientific knowledge is primarily distinguished from other forms of knowledge, especially everyday knowledge, by being more systematic. "Science" is here understood in the broadest possible sense,encompassing not only the natural sciences b...

Paul Hoyningen-Huene is a philosopher of science with a PhD in theoretical physics teaching at the Institute of Philosophy at the Leibniz University of Hannover, Germany. He is best known for his book Reconstructing Scientific Revolutions: Thomas S. Kuhn's Philosophy of Science (1993).

other books by Paul Hoyningen-Huene

Reductionism and Systems Theory in the Life Sciences: Some Problems and Perspectives
Reductionism and Systems Theory in the Life Sciences: S...

Kobo ebook|Dec 6 2012

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:306 pages, 6.1 × 9.09 × 0.71 inPublished:November 1, 2015Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0190298332

ISBN - 13:9780190298333

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Table of Contents

Preface1. Introduction1.1 Historical Remarks1.2 The Question "What Is Science?" in Focus2. The Main Thesis2.1 Science and SystematicityA) A Little HistoryB) Preliminary Remarks2.2 The Concept of Systematicity2.3 The Structure of the Argument3. The Systematicity of Science Unfolded3.1 DescriptionsA) Some PreliminariesB) AxiomatizationC) Classification, Taxonomy, and NomenclatureD) PeriodizationE) QuantificationF) Empirical GeneralizationsG) Historical Descriptions3.2 ExplanationsA) Some PreliminariesB) Explanations Using Empirical GeneralizationsC) Explanations Using TheoriesD) Explanations of Human ActionsE) Reductive ExplanationsF) Historical ExplanationsG) Explanation and Understanding in the Humanities in GeneralH) Explanations in the Study of Literature3.3 PredictionsA) Some PreliminariesB) Predictions Based on Empirical Regularities of the Data in QuestionC) Predictions Based on Correlations with Other Data SetsD) Predictions Based on (Fundamental) Theories or LawsE) Predictions Based on ModelsF) Predictions Based on Delphi Methods3.4 The Defense of Knowledge ClaimsA) Some PreliminariesB) Non-Evidential ConsiderationsC) Empirical Generalizations, Models, and TheoriesD) Causal InfluenceE) The Verum Factum PrincipleF) The Role of Mathematics in the SciencesG) Historical Sciences3.5 Critical DiscourseA) Some PreliminariesB) Norms and InstitutionsC) Practices in Science Fostering Critical Discourse3.6. Epistemic ConnectednessA) Preliminaries: The ProblemB) Failing AnswersC) The Concept of Epistemic ConnectednessD) Revisiting the Examples3.7 The Ideal of CompletenessA) Some PreliminariesB) Examples3.8 The Generation of New KnowledgeA) Some PreliminariesB) Data CollectionC) The Exploitation of Knowledge from Other DomainsD) The Generation of New Knowledge as an Autocatalytic Process3.9 The Representation of KnowledgeA) Some PreliminariesB) Examples4. Comparison with Other Positions4.1 AristotleA) The PositionB) Comparison with Systematicity Theory4.2 Rene DescartesA) The PositionB) Comparison with Systematicity Theory4.3 Immanuel KantA) The PositionB) Comparison with Systematicity Theory4.4 Logical EmpiricismA) The PositionB) Comparison with Systematicity Theory4.5 Karl R. PopperA) The PositionB) Comparison with Systematicity Theory4.6 Thomas S. KuhnA) The PositionB) Comparison with Systematicity Theory4.7 Paul K. FeyerabendA) The PositionB) Comparison with Systematicity Theory4.8 Nicholas RescherA) The PositionB) Comparison with Systematicity Theory5. Consequences for Scientific Knowledge5.1 The Genesis and Dynamics of ScienceA) Conceptual ClarificationsB) The Genesis of a ScienceC) The Dynamics of Science5.2 Science and Common SenseA) The Preservation of Common SenseB) The Deviations from Common SenseC) Additional Remarks5.3 Normative Consequences5.4 Demarcation from Pseudo-ScienceA) A Little HistoryB) Systematicity Theory's Demarcation Criterion6. ConclusionNotesLiterature

Editorial Reviews

"Systematicity constitutes a welcome contribution to the general philosophy of science. The research agenda for general philosophy of science has been shifting over the last three decades as many philosophers of science have focused on issues in the philosophy of the special sciences,philosophy of physics, philosophy of biology, and the like. In Systematicity, Hoyningen-Huene shows that there is still important and interesting work to be done in general philosophy of science. One leaves the book with a deeper appreciation for the nature of science, as the subtitle suggests, andwhy science rightly holds the important place it does in contemporary Western cultures. The book has the marks of being written by a mature scholar, erudite, wide ranging, and carefully argued." --K. Brad Wray, Metascience