Tanzania: A Political Economy

Paperback | August 18, 2013

byAndrew Coulson

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Tanzania in the 1970s was at the forefront of policy innovation. Near-universal primary education, access to health services and supplies of clean water subsequently became mainstream ambitions in Africa and elsewhere. But its policies towards agricultural and industrial production failed andleft the country in a particularly weak position when it faced the demands of structural adjustment in the 1980s.This book, originally published in 1982, has been reissued with a new introduction which brings its themes up to the present, when income from gold mining and natural gas is making Tanzania one of the most dynamic economies in Africa today. The author, first an economic civil servant in Tanzania,later an academic at the University of Dar es Salaam, was in a unique position to write it, drawing on his own experiences as well as the plethora of ideas and debates in Dar es Salaam in the 1970s. The book has stood the test of time not only because of the range of material it covers but moreprofoundly because of the approach it takes to the work of Tanzania's founding president, Julius Nyerere - sympathetic to his ideas, deeply critical of failures in implementation. 25 short easily-read chapters take the story of Tanzania from pre-colonial times to the present, and show how Nyerere was hemmed in by what he inherited from the German and British colonialists who ran the country up to Independence in 1961. It provides an invaluable introduction to anyone coming tothe country for the first time, and offers a profound assessment of the theoretical debates that have made Tanzania of such interest to students of development.

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Tanzania in the 1970s was at the forefront of policy innovation. Near-universal primary education, access to health services and supplies of clean water subsequently became mainstream ambitions in Africa and elsewhere. But its policies towards agricultural and industrial production failed andleft the country in a particularly weak posi...

Andrew Coulson has a degree in economics and a PhD from Cambridge. Previously he has been an ODI Fellow in the planning unit of the Ministry of Agriculture in Dar es Salaam and taught development economics and agricultural economics at the University of Dar es Salaam. In 1976 he became a lecturer, and subsequently senior lecturer at t...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:432 pages, 8.5 × 5.43 × 0.68 inPublished:August 18, 2013Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199679967

ISBN - 13:9780199679966

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Table of Contents

PrefaceIntroduction to the Second Edition: The Political Economy of Tanzania RevisitedPART I: Introduction1. Nyerere's Tanzania2. Tanzania and the International EconomyPART II: Development and Underdevelopment Before 19003. The Interior4. Zanzibar and the Coast5. The German ConquestPART III: The Colonial System6. The German Colony7. Agricultural Production under the British8. Agricultural Marketing and Co-Operatives9. Non-Industrialization10. Education and Ideology11. Indirect RulePART IV: The Nationalist Take-Over12. The Nationalists13. The Independence 'Struggle'14. The Peaceful Transition15. ZanzibarPART V: The Fruits of Independence16. The Early Years17. Agricultural Policy 1961-196718. Industry Before the Arusha Declaration19. The Arusha DeclarationPART VI: Harsh Realities20. Production and Income Distribution21. Social Class and Social ServicesAppendix 1. The University of Dar es SalaamAppendix 2: Tazara: The Great Uhuru Railway22. Ujamaa and VillagizationAppendix: The Ruvuma Development Association23. Parastatals and WorkersAppendix 1: The State Trading Corporation 1967-1972Appendix 2: The Mwananchi Engineering and Construction Company (Mecco)24. Development Strategy and Foreign Relations25. The Tanzanian State