Tartaglia's Science of Weights and Mechanics in the Sixteenth Century: Selections from Quesiti et inventioni diverse: Books VII-VIII by Raffaele PisanoTartaglia's Science of Weights and Mechanics in the Sixteenth Century: Selections from Quesiti et inventioni diverse: Books VII-VIII by Raffaele Pisano

Tartaglia's Science of Weights and Mechanics in the Sixteenth Century: Selections from Quesiti et…

byRaffaele Pisano, Danilo Capecchi

Hardcover | September 11, 2015

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This book presents a historical and scientific analysis as historical epistemology of the science of weights and mechanics in the sixteenth century, particularly as developed by Tartaglia in hisQuesiti et inventioni diverse,Book VIIandBook VIII(1546; 1554).

In the early 16th century mechanics was concerned mainly with what is now called statics and was referred to as theScientia de ponderibus, generally pursued by two very different approaches. The first was usually referred to as Aristotelian, where the equilibrium of bodies was set as a balance of opposite tendencies to motion. The second, usually referred to as Archimedean, identified statics withcentrobarica, the theory of centres of gravity based on symmetry considerations. In between the two traditions the Italian scholar Niccolò Fontana, better known as Tartaglia (1500?-1557), wrote the treatiseQuesiti et inventioni diverse(1546).

This volume consists of three main parts. In the first, a historical excursus regarding Tartaglia's lifetime, his scientific production and theScientia de ponderibusin the Arabic-Islamic culture, and from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance, is presented. Secondly, all the propositions ofBooks VIIandVIII, by relating them with theProblemata mechanicaby the Aristotelian school andIordani opvsculvm de ponderositateby Jordanus de Nemore are examined within the history and historical epistemology of science. The last part is relative to the original texts and critical transcriptions into Italian and Latin and an English translation.

This work gathers and re-evaluates the current

thinking on this subject. It brings together contributions from two distinguished experts in the history and historical epistemology of science, within the fields of physics, mathematics and engineering. It also gives much-needed insight into the subject from historical and scientific points of view. The volume composition makes for absorbing reading for historians, epistemologists, philosophers and scientists.

Title:Tartaglia's Science of Weights and Mechanics in the Sixteenth Century: Selections from Quesiti et…Format:HardcoverDimensions:504 pagesPublished:September 11, 2015Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:9401797099

ISBN - 13:9789401797092

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Table of Contents

Preface by Patricia Radelet-de Grave.- Acknowledgments.- Remarks for the Reader.- Introduction.- PART I - Biographical Sketches & Science in Context.- 1 Niccolò Tartaglia and the Renaissance Society between Science and Technique. Niccolò Fontana called Tartaglia.- 1.1. Biographical and Scientific Sketches.- 1.2.Tartaglia's Conceptual Stream in the Renaissance.- 1.3. Physics and Architecture: On Ballistics & Fortifications.- 1.4. On theOpera ArchimedisandArchimedis de insidentibus aquae.-1.5. Contents, Former Pupils and Philological Notes.- 2. Ancient and Modern Statics in the Renaissance. The Background.- 2.1.Thescientia de ponderibusin the Middle Ages.- 2.2. Revival during the Age of Humanism.- 2.3. Tartaglia's Legacy. A Transition between Science of Weights and Modern Statics.- PART II - History & Historical Epistemology Analyses.- 3The Analysis ofBooks VIIandVIIIofQuesiti et inventioni diverse.- A Historical Epistemology Outline on Early Statics in theBooks VIIandVIII.- 3.1. The Analysis ofBook VII(1554).- 3.2.The Analysis ofBook VIII(1554).- PART III - Translations & Transcriptions 4. General Considerations.- 4.1. TheQuesiti et inventioni diverse(1554).- 4.2. Philological Notes onIordani opusculum de ponderositate(1565).-4.3. Book VIIofQuesiti et inventioni diverse(1554).- 4.4.Book VIIIofQuesiti et inventioni diverse(1554).- 4.5. The Italian Critical Transcriptions.- 4.6. TheIordani

opusculum de ponderositate (1565).- PART IV - Circulation of Knowledge & Conclusion.- 5 Foreign Editions ofQuesiti et invention diverse. General Considerations.- 5.1.QuesitiForeign Editions.- 5.2. Bibliographical Notes.- Conclusion.- 6 Conclusion.- Concluding Remarks.- References.- MicrofilmTartalea.-MainQuesitiAccounts.- Index.

Editorial Reviews

"This is valuable for scholars as well as teachersof the history of math and science. It is very educational for a student ofmath and science to read the original work on occasion and see how the ideasand principles of math and science were developed and perfected. If you are ateacher . interested in including material about the work of Tartaglia in yourcourse or in your research, this book is what you are looking for." (CharlesAshbacher, MAA Reviews, maa.org, December, 2015)