Taurine 4: Taurine and Excitable Tissues

Hardcover | January 31, 2001

EditorLaura Della Corte, Ryan J. Huxtable, Giampietro Sgaragli

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This volume is the proceedings of the International Taurine Symposium 1999: Expanding the Circle, an official Satellite Symposium of the 17th Biennial Meeting of the International Society for Neurochemistry, held on August 3-8, 1999, in Siena, Italy. Taurine, which is a naturally occurring compound, protects the cell against a variety of harmful insults, and the compound may be vital for the normal function and survival of cells and tissues. These aspects, together with the potential value of taurine in enhancing normal function and protecting against age-related diseases, will be highlighted in this volume by distinguished international aspects in this important and rapidly developing area.

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This volume is the proceedings of the International Taurine Symposium 1999: Expanding the Circle, an official Satellite Symposium of the 17th Biennial Meeting of the International Society for Neurochemistry, held on August 3-8, 1999, in Siena, Italy. Taurine, which is a naturally occurring compound, protects the cell against a v...

Format:HardcoverDimensions:675 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.9 inPublished:January 31, 2001Publisher:Springer USLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0306464470

ISBN - 13:9780306464478

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Table of Contents

Keynote presentation. Appreciations. Plenary presentations. Part 1: Basic aspects and peripheral actions of taurine. 1. Post-transcriptional regulation of cysteine dioxygenase in rat liver; D.L. Bella, et al. 2. The mitochondrial permeability transition and taurine; M. Palmi, et al. 3. Cloning and characterization of the promotor region of the rat taurine transporter (TAUT) gene; X. Han, et al. 4. Taurine prevents ischemia damage in cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes; K. Takahashi, et al. 5. Effects of taurine and thiosulfate on the spectrophotometric properties of RNA and DNA; S.I. Baskin, et al. 6. Ionomycin restores taurine transporter activity in cyclosporin-A treated macrophages; H.W. Kim, et al. Part 2: Metabolic and nutritional aspects. 7. Daily dietary taurine intake in Japan; E. Kibayashi, et al. 8. Comparative studies on serum taurine and plasma fatty acids in human between the sea side area in Toyama, Japan and the mountain areas in inner Mongolia, China; E. Kibayashi, et al. 9. Biochemical and ultrastructural alterations in rat after hyperoxic treatment: Effect of taurine and hypotaurine; G. Pitari, et al. 10. Hypotaurine protection on cell damage by singlet oxygen; G. Pitari, et al. 11. Hypotaurine and superoxide dismutase: Protection of the enzyme against inactivation by hydrogen peroxide and peroxidation to taurine; L. Pecci, et al. 12. Dietary taurine changes ascorbic acid metabolism and cholesterol metabolism in rats fed diets containing polychlorinated biphenyls; H. Yokogoshi, et al. 13. Effects of long-term treatment with taurine in mice fed a high-fat diet: Improvement in cholesterol metabolism and vascular lipid accumulation by taurine; S. Murakami, et al. 14. Hypolipidemie effect of taurine in golden syrian hamsters; T. Takenaga, et al. 15. Taurine reduced atherosclerotic lesion development in apolipoprotein-E deficient mice; Y. Kondo, et al. 16. Does taurine play an osmolarity role during ethanol intoxication? F. Lallemand, et al. Part 3: Taurine in the CNS. 17. Osmotic sensitivity of taurine release from hippocampal neuronal and glial cells; J.E. Olson, G. Li. 18. Isovolumic regulation in nervous tissue: A novel mechanism of cell volume regulation; O. Quesada, et al. 19. New role of taurine as an osmomediator between glial cells and neurons in the rat supraoptic nucleus; N. Hussy, et al. 20. Gene expression of taurine transporter and taurine biosynthetic enzymes in hyperosmotic states: A comparative study with the expression of the genes involved in the accumulation of other osmolytes; M. Bitoun, M. Tappaz. 21. Involvement of ion channels in ischemia-induced taurine release in the mouse hippocampus; P. Saransaari, S.S. Oja. 22. Modulation of taurine release by metabotropic receptors in the developing hippocampus; P. Saransaari, S.S. Oja. 23. Extracellular taurine as a parameter to monitor cerebral insults `on-line'': Time courses and mechanisms as studied in vivo; D.K. Scheller. 24. Effects of taurine and some structurally related analogues on the central mechanism of thermoregulation: A structure-activity relationship study; M. Frosini, et al. 25. Taurine-induced synaptic potentiation: Dependence on extra- and intracellular calcium sources; N. Del Olmo, et al. 26. The effect of kainic acid and AMPA on the release of taurine and GABA from the rat substantia nigra in vivo; L. Bianchi, et al. 27. Effects of ethanol and glutamate agonist infusion on the outflow of sulphoacetaldehyde: Microdialysis studies; S. Capodarca, et al. 28. Taurine, glutamine, glutamate and aspartate content and efflux, and cell volume of cerebrocortical minislices of rats with hepatic encephalopathy: Influence of ammonia; W. Hilgier, et al. 29. The effect of taurine derivative on lipid peroxidation and interhemispheric asymmetry of phospholipids from the brain synaptosomes in rats after immobilization stress; N.Y. Novoselova, et al. 30. Taurine transport mechanism through the blood brain barrier in spontaneously hypertensive rats; Y.S. Kang. 31. Protection of intrinsic nerves of guinea-pig detrusor strips against anoxia/glucopenia and reperfusion injury by taurine; F. Pessina, et al. 32. The possible role of taurine and GABA as endogenous cryogens in the rabbit: Changes in CSF levels in heat-stress; M. Frosini, et al. Part 4: Taurine analogues and metals: Health care aspects (supported by COST D8 and D13). 33. Interaction of taurine with metal ions; E.C. O''Brien, et al. 34. Attenuation of oxidative damage to DNA by taurine and taurine analogs; S.A. Messina, R. Dawson Jr. 35. Tyrosine-hydroxylase immuno-reactive cells in the rat striatum following treatment with MPP+; M.B. O''Byrne, et al. 36. Investigation of the therapeutic efficacy of a taurine analogue during the initial stages of ethanol detoxification: Preliminary studies in chronic alcohol abusers; R.J. Ward, et al. 37. Metabolism of taurine to sulphoacetaldehyde during oxidative stress; C.M. Cunningham, K.F. Tipton. 38. Taurine chloramine attenuates the hydrolytic activity of matrix metalloproteinase 9 in LPS activated murine peritoneal macrophages; E. Park, et al. 39. Synthesis of taurine analogues from alkenes: Preparation of 2-aminocycloalkanesulfonic acids; F. Machetti, et al. 40. Effects of guandinoethane sulfonate on contraction of skeletal muscle; C. Cuisinier, et al. 41. Protection by taurine and structurally related sulfur containing compounds against erythrocyte membrane damage by hydrogen peroxide; P.K. Pokhrel, C.A.L. Cam. Part 5: Taurine and vision. 42. Regulation of high affinity taurine transport in goldfish and rat retinal cells; L. Lima, et al. 43. Effects of osmotic and light stimulation on 3H-taurine efflux from isolated rod outer segments and synthesis of tauret in the frog retina; A.M. Petrosian, et al. 44. New HPLC evidence on endogenous tauret in retina and pigment epithelium; A.M. Petrosian, et al. 45. Characterization of taurine uptake in the rat retina; J.D. Militante, J.B. Lombardini. 46. Calcium uptake in the rat retina is dependent on the function of the cyclic nucleotide-gated channel: pharmacologic evidence; J.D. Militante, J.B. Lombardini. 47. Effects of calmodulin antagonists on taurine-stimulated calcium ion uptake in the rat retina are partly independent of calmodulin activity; J.D. Militante, J.B. Lombardini. Part 6: Taurine and cell homeostatic mechanisms. 48. Swelling-induced taurine efflux from HeLa cells: Cell volume regulation; I.H. Lambert, F.V. Spúlveda. 49. Taurine fluxes in insulin dependent diabetes mellitus and rehydration in streptozotocin treated rats; S.J. Rose, et al. 50. In vitro and in vivo effects of taurine and structurally related sulfur containing compounds against phenylhydrazine induced oxidative damage to erythrocytes; P.K. Pokhrel, C.A.L. Cam. 51. A taurine transporter isolated from rat cardiac muscle; J.J. Bedford, et al. 52. Identification of promotor elements involved in adaptive regulation of the taurine transporter gene: Role of cytosolic Ca2+ signalling; X. Han, et al. 53. Suppression of bleomycin-induced increased production of nitric oxide and NF-kB activation by treatment with taurine and niacin; S.N. Giri, et al. 54. Cytoprotective effect of taurine against hypochlorous acid toxicity to PC12 cells; S. Kearns, R. Dawson Jr. 55. Effect of taurine and &bgr;-alanine on morphological changes of pancreas in streptozotocin-induced rats; K.J. Chang. 56. Immunohistochemical localization of insulin in pancreatic &bgr;-cells of taurine-supplemented or taurine-depleted diabetic rats; K.J. Chang, W. Kwon. 57. Taurine attenuated the induction of immediate-early gene expression by PDGF-BB; K. Imada, et al. Part 7: Clinical aspects. 58. Post-operative monitoring of cortical taurine in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage: A microdialysis study; E. De Micheli, et al. 59. Taurine intake and excretion in patients undergoing long term enteral nutrition; K.H. Cho, et al. 60. Does the taurine transporter gene play a role in 3P-syndrome? X. Han, et al. 61. Extracellular levels of taurine in tumoral, peritumoral and normal brain tissue in patients with malignant glioma: An intraoperative microdialysis study; E. De Micheli, et al. 62. The treatment of ammonia poisoning by taurine in combination with a broncholytic drug; A. Zemlyanoy, et al. 63. Concluding comments; G. Sgaragli, et al. Appendix. Index.