Teacher's Hand-book Of Psychology; On The Basis Of The "outlines Of Psychology" by James SullyTeacher's Hand-book Of Psychology; On The Basis Of The "outlines Of Psychology" by James Sully

Teacher's Hand-book Of Psychology; On The Basis Of The "outlines Of Psychology"

byJames Sully

Paperback | July 9, 2012

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1886 edition. Excerpt: ...in which it is used, abstracting from the variable accompaniments, and fixing the attention on the common or essential circumstance. Degrees of Abstraction.--Our less abstract concepts involve, as we have seen, but little active comparison. In arriving at the ideas of cat, house, and so on, the child finds no difficulty in turning away from differences. Resemblance here preponderates over difference, and the exercise of the power of abstraction is slight. It is only when he is called on to carry the process of abstraction further, and seek out more widely extended points of similarity, that a serious effort is required. Thus, in finding out what is common among dogs, horses, and other animals, houses, churches, and other buildings, the child needs to concentrate his mind closely, and turn away from many and striking differences. Speaking roughly, we may say that the wider the range of objects compared the smaller will be the amount of resemblance among them. And the more dissimilarity thus preponderates over similarity the greater will be the effort of abstraction required. Marking off Single Qualities.--A higher exercise of abstraction is seen in the singling out for special consideration of some one of the common qualities of objects, as when we view a cannon-ball as round, heavy, and so forth. This stage of abstraction is represented by the use of adjectives or qualifying terms, supplemented by what logicians call abstract names, as weight, figure, etc. Here the process of breaking up or analyzing complex percepts is carried to a still further point. By inspecting and comparing things in this more abstract way our knowledge gains in exactness. Thus the child that can separately attend to the several qualities of water, as its fluidity,...
Title:Teacher's Hand-book Of Psychology; On The Basis Of The "outlines Of Psychology"Format:PaperbackDimensions:128 pages, 9.69 × 7.44 × 0.27 inPublished:July 9, 2012Publisher:General Books LLCLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0217564771

ISBN - 13:9780217564779