Teaching General Music in Grades 4-8: A Musicianship Approach is an ideal core text for both elementary and middle school general music methods courses. It offers unique coverage that bridges the traditional gap between these two courses. Author Thomas A. Regelski discusses the importantphysical, psychological, cognitive, and social developmental changes that occur in students in grades 4-8 (ages 9-14) and the implications of these changes for instruction in a variety of school organizational formats. Offering music educators both broad and detailed guidelines to fit the needs ofthis challenging age group, he takes a "musicianship approach" that regards general musical classes for grades 4-8 as an apprenticeship for lifelong musical involvement. The book establishes a rationale for general music education and then introduces an "Action Learning Model," which is based oncurrent research in many disciplines, including a praxial theory of music education. This model focuses on musical learning and skills that have real-life applications and lifelong consequences. It treats classes as "musicianship laboratories" in which fundamental musicianship skills are exploredand developed in conjunction with holistic musical actions involving composing, performing, singing, and listening. Teaching General Music in Grades 4-8: A Musicianship Approach offers "protocols" composed of detailed principles and guidelines that allow instructors to design their own lessons and tailor them to suit numerous conditions, including local curriculum, resources, and classroom size and layout.Each chapter ends with a down-to-earth "Nuts 'n' Bolts" section containing advice and recommendations that help teachers implement lessons. A glossary of key terms and ideas in music education is also included. Appendices provide a model curriculum, resources, and tips for using MIDI-basedinstruction and software.