The Acceptance of Party Unity in Parliamentary Democracies by David M. WillumsenThe Acceptance of Party Unity in Parliamentary Democracies by David M. Willumsen

The Acceptance of Party Unity in Parliamentary Democracies

byDavid M. Willumsen

Hardcover | October 7, 2017

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Despite the central role of policy preferences in the subsequent behaviour of legislators, preferences at the level of the individual legislator have been almost entirely neglected in the study of parliaments and legislative behaviour. The main reason for this is the difficulty of obtainingmeasures of legislator preferences that are not based on their behaviour. This book explores direct measures of policy preferences through parliamentary surveys. Building on this, the book develops measures of policy incentives of legislators to dissent from their parliamentary parties, anddemonstrates that preference similarity amongst legislators explains a very substantial proportion of party unity, yet cannot explain all of it. Through a quantitative analysis of the attitudes of legislators to the demands of party unity and what drives these attitudes, the book argues that the reason for the difference between observed unity and the levels of unity which can be explained by preference similarity among legislators, is theconscious acceptance by MPs that the long-term benefits of belonging to a united party (such as increased influence on legislation, lower transaction costs and better chances of gaining office) outweigh the short-terms benefits of always voting for their ideal policy outcome. The volume reinforcesthis argument through the analysis of both open-ended survey questions as well as survey questions on the costs and benefits of belonging to a political party in a legislature.
David M. Willumsen is a Post-Doctoral Researcher at the University of Innsbruck. In 2013 he received his PhD in Political Science from the European University Institute, Florence, on the topic of party unity in European legislatures, having spent four months as an exchange student at ETH Zurich in 2011. From July 2013 to September 2016...
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Title:The Acceptance of Party Unity in Parliamentary DemocraciesFormat:HardcoverDimensions:224 pagesPublished:October 7, 2017Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198805438

ISBN - 13:9780198805434

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Table of Contents

1. The Puzzle of Backbench Assent2. Theoretical Framework3. Attitudes to Party Unity in the Nordic Countries4. The Acceptance of Party Unity in Sweden, 1985 to 20105. Perceptions of Party Unity in the Visegrad Countries6. ConclusionAppendices