The acquisition of the future tense by Sandra Dorschner

The acquisition of the future tense

bySandra Dorschner

Kobo ebook | September 19, 2008

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Seminar paper from the year 2006 in the subject English - Pedagogy, Didactics, Literature Studies, grade: 2,0, (Institut für Anglistik/Amerikanistik), course: Syntactic Development, 6 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: It is the goal of this paper to examine the acquisition of the future tense in children's speech. After a two word utterance stage they develop more and more their speaking skills and start to talk about events and activities in the future, apart from saying things about the present. To give a detailed account of the acquisition of the future, this study includes several steps of examination. It will not only try to answer to the questions, when children first use future expressions and how their use develops in time. But it also includes an analysis of the occurrence of future tense in specific constructions, such as simple sentences, questions etc. It is also necessary to look at verbs as well as subjects which occur with expressions of future tense. A last part of the study is concerned with common errors children produce when speaking about the future. There exist several ways to express the future in adult grammar. The most common forms, which are also the focus of this analysis, are the simple future expressed by will and the going to-future. Other possibilities of expressing the future, e.g. using simple present tense or a present progressive form of the verb, will be neglected in this paper, as they are too complex in their concepts for children. They mainly depend on adverbials of time to denote the future and therefore would require a different focus of analysis. The simple future is formed with the modal auxiliary will, followed by the infinitive of a verb (e.g. Greenbaum 1991: 54), as in (a) I will write the exam. The will-future is used to convey two different concepts: first, it is used for expressing general predictions and assumptions of what is going to happen in the future and second, it marks spontaneous decisions, offers and promises. (cf. Fleischhack 2001: 70). The second form of expressing future tense is the combination of the infinitive of a verb with a form of be going to, such as in (b) I am going to work in the garden.

Title:The acquisition of the future tenseFormat:Kobo ebookPublished:September 19, 2008Publisher:GRIN PublishingLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:364016959X

ISBN - 13:9783640169597

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