The Affirmative Action Empire: Nations and Nationalism in the Soviet Union, 1923-1939 by Terry MartinThe Affirmative Action Empire: Nations and Nationalism in the Soviet Union, 1923-1939 by Terry Martin

The Affirmative Action Empire: Nations and Nationalism in the Soviet Union, 1923-1939

byTerry Martin

Paperback | November 1, 2001

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The Soviet Union was the first of Europe's multiethnic states to confront the rising tide of nationalism by systematically promoting the national consciousness of its ethnic minorities and establishing for them many of the institutional forms characteristic of the modern nation-state. In the 1920s, the Bolshevik government, seeking to defuse nationalist sentiment, created tens of thousands of national territories. It trained new national leaders, established national languages, and financed the production of national-language cultural products.This was a massive and fascinating historical experiment in governing a multiethnic state. Terry Martin provides a comprehensive survey and interpretation, based on newly available archival sources, of the Soviet management of the nationalities question. He traces the conflicts and tensions created by the geographic definition of national territories, the establishment of dozens of official national languages, and the world's first mass "affirmative action" programs. Martin examines the contradictions inherent in the Soviet nationality policy, which sought simultaneously to foster the growth of national consciousness among its minority populations while dictating the exact content of their cultures; to sponsor national liberation movements in neighboring countries, while eliminating all foreign influence on the Soviet Union's many diaspora nationalities. Martin explores the political logic of Stalin's policies as he responded to a perceived threat to Soviet unity in the 1930s by re-establishing the Russians as the state's leading nationality and deporting numerous "enemy nations."
Title:The Affirmative Action Empire: Nations and Nationalism in the Soviet Union, 1923-1939Format:PaperbackDimensions:528 pages, 9.25 × 6.13 × 0.27 inPublished:November 1, 2001Publisher:Cornell University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0801486777

ISBN - 13:9780801486777

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"In this important new book, Terry Martin analyzes the emergence of the Soviet multinational state in the 1920 s and Stalin's move to promote the concept of the 'Friendship of the Peoples' in the 1930s. With exhaustive research in theRussian archives, Martin has captured the USSR'S paradoxical policy of fostering the development of its constituent nations, while seeking to bring them under Moscow's strict control."-Norman M.Neimark, Robert and Florence McDonnell Porfessor of East European Studies, Department of History, Stanford University