The Anthropology Of Religion, Magic, And Witchcraft

Paperback | November 29, 2010

byRebecca L Stein, Philip Stein

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This concise introductory textbook emphasizes the major concepts of both anthropology and the anthropology of religion.  It is aimed at students encountering anthropology for the first time.  Reviewers describe the text as vivid, rich, user-friendly, accessible, and well-organized.

The Anthropology of Religion, Magic, and Witchcraft examines religious expression from a cross-cultural perspective while incorporating key theoretical concepts.  In addition to providing a basic overview of anthropology, including definition of key terms and exposure to ethnographies, the text exposes students to the varying complexity of world religions.

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This concise introductory textbook emphasizes the major concepts of both anthropology and the anthropology of religion.  It is aimed at students encountering anthropology for the first time.  Reviewers describe the text as vivid, rich, user-friendly, accessible, and well-organized. The Anthropology of Religion, Magic, and Witchcraft e...

Rebecca Stein has been teaching with the Los Angeles Community College District since 1995 at various colleges, as well as at Pasadena City College. She joined the Anthropology faculty at Los Angeles Valley College in 2000. Ms. Stein received a bachelor¿s and master¿s degree in Anthropology from the University of California at Los Ange...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:288 pages, 9.75 × 7.5 × 0.65 inPublished:November 29, 2010Publisher:Taylor and FrancisLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0205718116

ISBN - 13:9780205718115

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Table of Contents

1          The Anthropological Study of Religion    1
The Anthropological Perspective    1
The Holistic Approach  
The Study of Human Societies  
The Fore of New Guinea: An Ethnographic Example  
Two Ways of Viewing Culture  
Cultural Relativism  
BOX 1.1 ¿ Karen McCarthy Brown and Vodou  
The Concept of Culture  
The Study of Religion  
Attempts at Defining Religion  
The Domain of Religion  
Theoretical Approaches to the Study of Religion  
BOX 1.2 ¿ Malinowski and the Trobriand Islands  
BOX 1.3 ¿ Evans-Pritchard and the Azande  
The Biological Basis of Religious Behavior  
Conclusion  
Summary  
Suggested Readings  
Suggested Websites  
Study Questions  
Endnotes
2          Mythology  
The Nature of Myths  
Worldview  
Stories of the Supernatural  
The Nature of Oral Texts  
BOX 2.1 ¿ Genesis 
BOX 2.2 ¿ The Gender-Neutral Christian Bible  
Understanding Myths  
Approaches to Analysis of Myths  
BOX 2.3 ¿ The Gururumba Creation Story  
Common Themes in Myths  
BOX 2.4 ¿ The Navaho Creation Story: Din¿ahan¿bsp; 
BOX 2.5 ¿ The Raven Steals the Light   
BOX 2.6 ¿ Joseph Campbell  
Conclusion  
Summary  
Suggested Readings  
Suggested Websites  
Study Questions  
Endnotes
3          Religious Symbols  
What Is a Symbol?  
Religious Symbols  
BOX 3.1 ¿ Religious Toys and Games  
Sacred Art  
The Sarcophagus of Lord Pakal  
The Meaning of Color  
Sacred Space and Sacred Time  
The Meaning of Time  
BOX 3.2 ¿ The End of Time  
Sacred Time and Space in Australia  
The Symbolism of Music and Dance  
The Symbolism of Music  
The Symbolism of Dance  
Conclusion  
Summary  
Suggested Readings  
Suggested Websites  
Study Questions  
Endnotes
4          Ritual  
The Basics of Ritual Performance  
Prescriptive and Situational Rituals  
Periodic and Occasional Rituals  
A Classification of Rituals 
A Survey of Rituals  
Technological Rituals  
Social Rites of Intensification    
Therapy Rituals and Healing  
Salvation Rituals  
Revitalization Rituals  
Rites of Passage  
The Structure of a Rite of Passage  
Coming-of-Age Rituals  
Alterations of the Human Body  
Pilgrimages  
BOX 4.1 ¿ The Hajj  
The Huichol Pilgrimage  
Religious Obligations  
Tabu  
Jewish Food Laws  
BOX 4.2 ¿ Menstrual Tabus  
Conclusion    1
BOX 4.2 ¿ The Way of the Amish  
Summary  
Suggested Readings  
Suggested Websites  
Study Questions  
Endnotes
5          Altered States of Consciousness  
The Nature of Altered States of Consciousness  
Entering an Altered State of Consciousness  
The Biological Basis of Altered States of Consciousness  
BOX 5.1 ¿ Altered States in Upper Paleolithic Art  
Drug-Induced Altered States  
BOX 5.2 ¿ The Native American Church  
Ethnographic Examples of Altered States of Consciousness  
The Holiness Churches  
San Healing Rituals  
The Sun Dance of the Cheyenne  
Religious Use of Drugs in South America  
Rastafarians  
Conclusion  
Summary  
Suggested Readings  
Suggested Websites  
Study Questions  
Endnotes
6          Religious Specialists  
Shamans  
Defining Shamanism  
Siberian Shamanism  
Shamanism among the Akimel O¿odham  
Korean Shamanism  
Pentecostal Healers as Shamans  
Neoshamanism  
BOX 6.1 ¿ Clown Doctors as Shamans  
Priests  
Aztec Priests  
Zuni Priests  
Okinawan Priestesses  
Eastern Orthodox Priests   
Other Specialists  
Healers and Diviners  
BOX 6.2 ¿ African Healers Meet Western Medicine  
Prophets  
Conclusion  
Summary  
Suggested Readings  
Suggested Websites  
Study Questions  
Endnotes
7          Magic and Divination  
The World of Magic  
Magic and Religion  
Magic and Science   
Rules of Magic  
The Function of Magic  
Why Magic Works  
Magic in Society  
Magic in the Trobriand Islands  
BOX 7.1 ¿ Trobriand Island Magic  
Magic among the Azande  
Sorcery among the Fore  
Wiccan Magic  
Divination  
Forms of Divination  
Divination Techniques  
BOX 7.2 ¿ I Ching: The Book of Changes  
Fore Divination  
Oracles of the Azande  
Divination in Ancient Greece: The Oracle at Delphi  
Astrology  
Conclusion  
Summary  
Suggested Readings  
Suggested Websites  
Study Questions  
Endnotes
8          Souls, Ghosts, and Death  
Souls and Ancestors  
Variation in the Concept of the Soul  
Souls, Death, and the Afterlife  
BOX 8.1 ¿ How Do You Get to Heaven?  
Examples of Concepts of the Soul  
Ancestors  
BOX 8.2 ¿ Determining Death  
Bodies and Souls  
Ghosts  
The Living Dead: Vampires and Zombies  
Death Rituals  
Funeral Rituals  
Disposal of the Body  
U.S Death Rituals in the Nineteenth Century  
U.S Funeral Rituals Today  
BOX 8.3 ¿ Roadside Memorials  
Days of Death  
Conclusion  
Summary  
Suggested Readings  
Suggested Websites  
Study Questions  
Endnotes
9          Gods and Spirits  
Spirits  
The Dani View of the Supernatural  
Guardian Spirits and the Native American Vision Quest  
Jinn  
Christian Angels and Demons  
Gods   
BOX 9.1 ¿ Christian Demonic Exorcism in the United States  
Types of Gods  
Gods and Society  
BOX 9.2 ¿ Games and Gods  
The Gods of the Yoruba  
The Gods of the Ifugao   
Goddesses  
Monotheism: Conceptions of God in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam  
Atheism  
Conclusion  
Summary  
Suggested Readings  
Suggested Websites  
Study Questions  
Endnotes
10        Witchcraft  
The Concept of Witchcraft in Small-Scale Societies  
Witchcraft among the Azande  
Witchcraft among the Navaho  
Witchcraft Reflects Human Culture  
Sorcery, Witchcraft and AIDS   
Euro-American Witchcraft Beliefs  
The Connection with Pagan Religions  
The Witchcraze in Europe  
The Witchcraze in England and the United States  
BOX 10.1 ¿ The Evil Eye  
BOX 10.2 ¿ Satanism  
Modern Day Witch Hunts  
Conclusion  
Summary  
Suggested Readings  
Suggested Websites  
Study Questions  
Endnotes
11        The Search for New Meaning  
Adaptation and Change  
Mechanisms of Culture Change  
Acculturation  
Syncretism  
Haitian Vodou  
Santeria  
Revitalization Movements  
The Origins of Revitalization Movements  
Types of Revitalization Movements  
Cargo Cults  
BOX 11.1 ¿ The John Frum Cult  
The Ghost Dance of 1890  
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormonism)  
Neo-Paganism and Revival  
The Wiccan Movement  
New Religious Movements  
The ¿Cult¿ Question  
Characteristics of High Demand Religions  
Examples of New Religious Movements  
UFO Religions  
Fundamentalism  
Characteristics of Fundamentalist Groups  
BOX 11.2 ¿ Religious Violence and Terrorism  
Conclusion  
Summary  
Suggested Readings  
Suggested Websites  
Study Questions  
Endnotes
Glossary  
Index