The Arab Spring: Pathways of Repression and Reform

Paperback | February 27, 2015

byJason Brownlee, Tarek Masoud, Andrew Reynolds

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Several years after the Arab Spring began, democracy remains elusive in the Middle East. The Arab Spring that resides in the popular imagination is one in which a wave of mass mobilization swept the broader Middle East, toppled dictators, and cleared the way for democracy. The reality is thatfew Arab countries have experienced anything of the sort. While Tunisia made progress towards some type of constitutionally entrenched participatory rule, the other countries that overthrew their rulers - Egypt, Yemen, and Libya - remain mired in authoritarianism and instability. Elsewhere in theArab world uprisings were suppressed, subsided or never materialized. The Arab Spring's modest harvest cries out for explanation. Why did regime change take place in only four Arab countries and why has democratic change proved so elusive in the countries that made attempts? This book attempts to answer those questions. First, by accounting for the full range ofvariance: from the absence or failure of uprisings in such places as Algeria and Saudi Arabia at one end to Tunisia's rocky but hopeful transition at the other. Second, by examining the deep historical and structure variables that determined the balance of power between incumbents and opposition. Brownlee, Masoud and Reynolds find that the success of a domestic campaign to oust the ruler was preconditioned by two variables: oil wealth and the precedent of hereditary succession. When rulers were ousted, the balance of power at the time of transition goes far in predicting the character of newconstitutional provisions and the trajectory of democratization writ large.

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Several years after the Arab Spring began, democracy remains elusive in the Middle East. The Arab Spring that resides in the popular imagination is one in which a wave of mass mobilization swept the broader Middle East, toppled dictators, and cleared the way for democracy. The reality is thatfew Arab countries have experienced anything...

Jason Brownlee is an associate professor of Government and Middle Eastern Studies at the University of Texas at Austin. His current focus is on violence during political transitions and U.S.-Egyptian relations. Tarek Masoud is an associate professor of public policy at Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government, where h...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:240 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.68 inPublished:February 27, 2015Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199660077

ISBN - 13:9780199660070

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Table of Contents

Introduction1. Theorizing the Arab Spring2. Lineages of Repression3. Breakdowns and Crackdowns4. Post-Revolutionary Players and Pathways5. Institution-making in the shadow of revolution