The Arabic Hermes: From Pagan Sage to Prophet of Science

Hardcover | September 9, 2009

byKevin van Bladel

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This is the first major study devoted to the early Arabic reception and adaption of the figure of Hermes Trismegistus, the legendary Egyptian sage to whom were ascribed numerous works on astrology, alchemy, talismans, medicine, and philosophy. Before the more famous Renaissance Europeanreception of the ancient Greek Hermetica, the Arabic tradition about Hermes and the works under his name had been developing and flourishing for seven hundred years. The legendary Egyptian Hermes Trismegistus was renowned in Roman antiquity as an ancient sage whose teachings were represented inbooks of philosophy and occult science. The works in his name, written in Greek by Egyptians living under Roman rule, subsequently circulated in many languages and regions of the Roman and Sasanian Persian empires. After the rise of Arabic as a prestigious language of scholarship in the eighth century, accounts of Hermes identity and Hermetic texts were translated into Arabic along with the hundreds of other works translated from Greek, Middle Persian, and other literary languages of antiquity. Hermetica werein fact among the earliest translations into Arabic, appearing already in the eighth century. This book explains the origins of the Arabic myth of Hermes Trismegistus, its sources, the reasons for its peculiar character, and its varied significance for the traditions of Hermetica in Asia andnorthern Africa as well as Europe. It shows who pre-modern Arabic scholars thought Hermes was and how they came to that view.

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This is the first major study devoted to the early Arabic reception and adaption of the figure of Hermes Trismegistus, the legendary Egyptian sage to whom were ascribed numerous works on astrology, alchemy, talismans, medicine, and philosophy. Before the more famous Renaissance Europeanreception of the ancient Greek Hermetica, the Arab...

Kevin van Bladel is Assistant Professor of Classics at the University of Southern California.
Format:HardcoverDimensions:296 pages, 6.1 × 9.29 × 1.1 inPublished:September 9, 2009Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195376137

ISBN - 13:9780195376135

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Table of Contents

PrefacePart I: Background1. Introduction2. Hermes in Sasanian Iran3. Hermes and the Sabians of HarranAppendis to Chapter 3: The Harranians and IndiaPart II: History of the Arabic Hermes4. The Three Hermeses5. Hermes the Prophet6. Conclusion: The Making of the Arabic HermesBibliography