The Art of Professing in Bourbon Mexico: Crowned-Nun Portraits and Reform in the Convent

Hardcover | January 6, 2014

byJames M. Córdova

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In the eighteenth century, New Spaniards (colonial Mexicans) so lauded their nuns that they developed a local tradition of visually opulent portraits, called monjas coronadas or “crowned nuns,” that picture their subjects in regal trappings at the moment of their religious profession and in death. This study identifies these portraits as markers of a vibrant and changing society that fused together indigenous and Euro-Christian traditions and ritual practices to construct a new and complex religious identity that was unique to New Spain.

To discover why crowned-nun portraits, and especially the profession portrait, were in such demand in New Spain, this book offers a pioneering interpretation of these works as significant visual contributions to a local counter-colonial discourse. James M. Córdova demonstrates that the portraits were a response to the Spanish crown’s project to modify and modernize colonial society—a series of reforms instituted by the Bourbon monarchs that threatened many nuns’ religious identities in New Spain. His analysis of the portraits’ rhetorical devices, which visually combined Euro-Christian and Mesoamerican notions of the sacred, shows how they promoted local religious and cultural values as well as client-patron relations, all of which were under scrutiny by the colonial Church. Combining visual evidence from images of the “crowned nun” with a discussion of the nuns’ actual roles in society, Córdova reveals that nuns found their greatest agency as Christ’s brides, a title through which they could, and did, challenge the Church’s authority when they found it intolerable.

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In the eighteenth century, New Spaniards (colonial Mexicans) so lauded their nuns that they developed a local tradition of visually opulent portraits, called monjas coronadas or “crowned nuns,” that picture their subjects in regal trappings at the moment of their religious profession and in death. This study identifies these portraits ...

James M. Córdova is Assistant Professor of Art History at the University of Colorado at Boulder, where he teaches pre-Columbian and colonial Latin American art.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:288 pages, 9.26 × 6.28 × 1 inPublished:January 6, 2014Publisher:University Of Texas PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0292753152

ISBN - 13:9780292753150

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Table of Contents

List of IllustrationsList of AbbreviationsAcknowledgmentsIntroductionChapter 1. Women's Religious Pathways in New SpainChapter 2. New Spanish Portraiture and Portraits of NunsChapter 3. Euro-Christian Precedents in the Crowned-Nun ImageChapter 4. Indigenous Contributions to Convent Arts and CultureChapter 5. The Profession Portrait in a Time of CrisisChapter 6. Colonial Identity RhetoricsEpilogueNotesGlossaryBibliographyIndex