The Biochemical Basis of Sports Performance

Paperback | June 10, 2010

byRonald J. Maughan, Michael Gleeson

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Some understanding of the biochemistry of exercise is fundamental to any study of the factors that contribute to sports performance. It is the physical, chemical and biochemical properties of cells and tissues that determine the physiological responses to exercise, and yet the teaching ofexercise biochemistry is poorly developed compared with exercise physiology. Where the subject is taught, the student often finds the approach somewhat daunting, with its focus on thermodynamics, chemical structures and metabolic pathways. Many students find the subject difficult, when it should not be so. This book introduces the student of sports science or exercise physiology to the biochemical processes that underpin exercise performance and the adaptations that occur with training. The focus is on skeletal muscle metabolism andthe provision of energy for working muscles and the principles of exercise biochemistry are introduced in a context that is immediately relevant to the student of sports science. Instead of the traditional approach of working through the main classes of biomolecules and metabolic pathways, the subject is tackled by considering the biochemical processes involved in energy provision for different sports events and the way in which limitations in energy supply can causefatigue, and thus limit performance. Recovery from exercise is important for athletes who train and compete with only a limited rest period, and the biochemical processes that influence recovery and restoration of performance capacity are also addressed. The processes fuelling the activities thatcontribute to sport form the core of this book, together with the changes that occur with training and the role of diet in providing the necessary fuels. But sporting talent is a rare gift, and a brief description of its hereditary basis is included. * A complete introduction to the biochemical basis of sports performance, appealing to undergraduate students, coaches, and athletes * Numerous links made between biochemistry and physiology for an integrated view of the subject* The student is directed to carefully chosen further reading articles, allowing them to readily explore key topics in more detailOnline Resource CentreThe Online Resource Centre to accompany The Biochemical Basis of Sports Performance features:For students:* 'In the News' updates* Multiple choice questions* Hyperlinked bibliography* Extended case study following an athlete through a season, with exercisesFor lecturers:* Figures from the book, available to download

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Some understanding of the biochemistry of exercise is fundamental to any study of the factors that contribute to sports performance. It is the physical, chemical and biochemical properties of cells and tissues that determine the physiological responses to exercise, and yet the teaching ofexercise biochemistry is poorly developed compar...

Ronald Maughan is Professor of Sport and Exercise Nutrition, and Michael Gleeson is Professor of Exercise Biochemistry, both at the School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, UK.

other books by Ronald J. Maughan

Format:PaperbackDimensions:320 pages, 9.69 × 7.44 × 0.07 inPublished:June 10, 2010Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019920828X

ISBN - 13:9780199208289

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Table of Contents

Preface1. Introduction: The biochemical basis of exercise and sportHistorical perspectiveEvolution of recordsThe appliance of science2. The WeightlifterMuscle structure and functionProteins: structural and functional characteristicsProteins as enzymesEnergy for muscle contractionNutritional effects on strength training and performance3. The SprinterAnaerobic metabolismMetabolic response to very high intensity exerciseLoss of adenine nucleotidesThe cellular energy charge and the adenylate poolCauses of fatigue in sprintingPost-exercise recovery: the resynthesis of phosphocreatineNutritional effects on sprint performance4. Middle Distance EventsEnergy and oxygen cost of middle distance runnningGlycolysisThe glycolytic pathwayOxidative metabolism of carbohydrateFatigue mechanisms in middle distance eventsRecovery after exerciseNutritional effects on the performance of the middle distance athlete5. The endurance athleteEnergy supplyAerobic powerFractional utilization of aerobic capacityEnergy metabolismIntegration and regulation of fuel useFatigue in prolonged exerciseNutrition and endurance exercise performance6. The Games PlayerActivity patterns and work rate in games playMetabolic responses to intermittent high-intensity exerciseFatigue in multiple sprint sportsNutritional strategies for team sports athletes7. Sporting Talent: The genetic basis of athletic capabilityFactors determining success in sportThe nature of genetic materialPrinciples of heredity8. Adaptations to trainingTraining strategies and the associated adaptationsTraining for strengthTraining for speedTraining for middle distance: increasing anaerobic capacityTraining for endurance: increasing aerobic capacityMechanisms and limitations to adaptationOverreaching and overtrainingExercise training, immune function, and susceptibility to infectionEffects of detrainingNutritional effects on training adaptationAppendicesKey concepts in physical, organic and biological chemistryGlossary of abbreviations and biochemical terminologyUnits commonly used in biochemistry and physiologyIndex