The Biology of Peatlands

Paperback | September 5, 2013

byHakan Rydin, John K. Jeglum

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Peatlands form important landscape elements in many parts of the world and play significant roles for biodiversity and global carbon balance. This new edition has been fully revised and updated, documenting the latest advances in areas such as microbial processes and relations betweenbiological processes and hydrology. As well as thoroughly referencing the latest research, the authors expose a rich older literature where an immense repository of natural history has accumulated. The Biology of Peatlands starts with an overview of the main peatland types (marsh, swamp, fen, and bog), before examining the entire range of biota present (microbes, invertebrates, plants, and vertebrates), together with their specific adaptations to peatland habitats. Detailed coverage is devotedto the genus Sphagnum, the most important functional plant group in northern peatlands, although tropical and southern hemisphere peatlands are also covered. Throughout the book the interactions between organisms and environmental conditions (especially wetness, availability of oxygen, and pH) areemphasized, with chapters on the physical and chemical characteristics of peat, the role of peat as an archive of past vegetation and climate, and peatland succession and development. Several other key factors and processes are then examined, including hydrology and nutrient cycling. The fascinating peatland landforms in different parts of the world are described, together with theories on how they have developed. Human interactions with peatlands are considered in terms of management, conservation, and restoration. A final chapter, new to this edition, focuses on the role ofpeatlands as sources or sinks for the greenhouse gases carbon dioxide and methane, and the influences of climate change on peatlands.This timely and accessible text is suitable for students and researchers of peatland ecology, as well as providing an authoritative overview for professional ecologists and conservation biologists.

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Peatlands form important landscape elements in many parts of the world and play significant roles for biodiversity and global carbon balance. This new edition has been fully revised and updated, documenting the latest advances in areas such as microbial processes and relations betweenbiological processes and hydrology. As well as thoro...

Hakan Rydin is a Professor in Plant Ecology at Uppsala University, where he teaches ecology courses. His research focusses on the ecology of peatlands and the biology of bryophytes, both in peatlands and in other ecosystems. Over the years he has used peatlands to discuss ecological topics such as plant community structure, succession,...
Format:PaperbackDimensions:392 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.07 inPublished:September 5, 2013Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199603006

ISBN - 13:9780199603008

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Table of Contents

1. Peatland habitats2. Diversity of life in peatlands3. Adaptations to the peatland habitat4. Sphagnum - the builder of boreal peatlands5. Peat and organic soil6. The peat archives7. Peatland succession and development8. Peatland hydrology9. Nutrients, light, and temperature10. Hydrologic systems, hydromorphology, and peatland patterns11. Peatlands around the world12. Productivity and peat accumulation13. Management, conservation, and restoration of peatlands14. Peatlands and climate change