The Black Child-Savers: Racial Democracy and Juvenile Justice

Paperback | June 27, 2012

byGeoff K. Ward

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During the Progressive Era, a rehabilitative agenda took hold of American juvenile justice, materializing as a citizen-and-state-building project and mirroring the unequal racial politics of American democracy itself. Alongside this liberal "manufactory of citizens,” a parallel structure was enacted: a Jim Crow juvenile justice system that endured across the nation for most of the twentieth century.
 
In The Black Child Savers, the first study of the rise and fall of Jim Crow juvenile justice, Geoff Ward examines the origins and organization of this separate and unequal juvenile justice system. Ward explores how generations of “black child-savers” mobilized to challenge the threat to black youth and community interests and how this struggle grew aligned with a wider civil rights movement, eventually forcing the formal integration of American juvenile justice. Ward’s book reveals nearly a century of struggle to build a more democratic model of juvenile justice—an effort that succeeded in part, but ultimately failed to deliver black youth and community to liberal rehabilitative ideals.
 

At once an inspiring story about the shifting boundaries of race, citizenship, and democracy in America and a crucial look at the nature of racial inequality, The Black Child Savers is a stirring account of the stakes and meaning of social justice.

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During the Progressive Era, a rehabilitative agenda took hold of American juvenile justice, materializing as a citizen-and-state-building project and mirroring the unequal racial politics of American democracy itself. Alongside this liberal "manufactory of citizens,” a parallel structure was enacted: a Jim Crow juvenile justice sy...

Geoff Ward is associate professor in the Department of Criminology, Law and Society at the University of California, Irvine.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:344 pages, 9 × 6 × 0.9 inPublished:June 27, 2012Publisher:University Of Chicago PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0226873188

ISBN - 13:9780226873183

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Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
Introduction: The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow Juvenile Justice

PART I  THE ORIGINS AND ORGANIZATION OF JIM CROW JUVENILE JUSTICE

ONE / Citizen Delinquent: Race, Liberal Democracy, and the Rehabilitative Ideal

TWO / No Refuge under Law: Racialized Foundations of Juvenile Justice Reform

THREE / Birth of a Juvenile Court

FOUR / The Social Organization of Jim Crow Justice

PART II  REWRITING THE RACIAL CONTRACT: THE BLACK CHILD-SAVING MOVEMENT

FIVE / Uplifting Black Citizens Delinquent: The Vanguard Movement, 1900–1930

SIX / Institutionalizing Racial Justice: The Black Surrogate Parental State, 1930–65

SEVEN / The Early Spoils of Integration

Conclusion: The Declining Significance of Inclusion

Acknowledgments
Notes
Index

Editorial Reviews

“Ward offers a significant contribution to this scholarship, one that is national in scope and broad in its chronological and geographic sweep.”