The Brazilian Empire: Myths and Histories by Emilia Viotti Da CostaThe Brazilian Empire: Myths and Histories by Emilia Viotti Da Costa

The Brazilian Empire: Myths and Histories

byEmilia Viotti Da Costa

Paperback | February 3, 2000

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This classic work is must reading for anyone who would understand Brazil and Latin America, past and present. First published in 1985 and now expanded to include a new chapter on women in Brazilian history, the book explores the social, political, economic, and intellectual currents that shaped nineteenth-century Brazil and whose reverberations continue to be felt throughout contemporary Brazilian society.

Placing her findings in a rich comparative context with regard to U.S. history, Emilia Viotti da Costa concentrates on crucial moments in Brazilian history to shed light on a number of vexing questions: Why in a nation so rich in material resources is there so much poverty? How was slavery abolished without bloodshed in a country where slaves had represented the main labor force for almost four hundred years? Why did self-described liberal elites twice lead the country toward authoritarian regimes? In exploring these and other puzzles, she uncovers the realities behind many of the persistent myths surrounding the Brazilian empire.

Emilia Viotti da Costa has written extensively on Brazilian history and on slavery and emancipation. Her books include Da Senzala ? Colonia andCrowns of Glory, Tears of Blood: The Demerara Slave Rebellion of 1823. She is also professor of history at Yale University.
Title:The Brazilian Empire: Myths and HistoriesFormat:PaperbackDimensions:320 pages, 8.89 × 8.97 × 0.87 inPublished:February 3, 2000Publisher:University of North Carolina PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0807848409

ISBN - 13:9780807848401

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Table of Contents


Chronology xi
Note on the Revised Edition xiii
Preface xv
Introduction xix
1 Independence: The Building of a Nation 1
2 José Bonifácio de Andrada e Silva: A Brazilian Founding Father 24
3 Liberalism: Theory and Practice 53
4 Land Policies: The Land Law, 1850, and the Homestead Act, 1862 78
5 Sharecroppers and Plantation Owners: An Experiment with Free Labor 94
6 Masters and Slaves: From Slave Labor to Free Labor 125
7 Town and Country 172
8 The Fall of the Monarchy 202
9 The Myth of Racial Democracy: A Legacy of the Empire 234
10 Patriarchalism and the Myth of the Helpless Woman in the Nineteenth Century 247


Map of the Brazilian Empire xxviii
1. Prince Pedro acclaimed emperor of Brazil 20
2. Pedro proclaims Brazilian independence 21
3. Quinta da Boa Vista architectural changes 49
4. Fazenda do Secretário in Vassouras 54
5. The immigrant's dream 114
6. Traveling in an oxcart 116
7. Grinding coffee 117
8. Immigrants entering São Paulo between 1855 and 1888 123
9. Slaves departing to the fields 130
10. Master's house and slave's quarters (senzalas) 133
11. A master punishing his slave with the palmatória 139
12. Punishment in the public square 141
13. Capitão do Mato 142
14. Population growth in Brazil from 1823 to 1887 146
15. Slave and free population by region in 1823, 1872, and 1887 147
16. Chinese immigrants: a caricature 150
17. View of Rio de Janeiro 182
18. The white woman at home 187
19. Supper time at the master's house 188
20. Black woman selling goods 189
21. Brazilian farmers run after the Republic 206
22. The Vatican threatens Brazil 210
23. The clergy's control of education 213

Editorial Reviews

A thoughtful interpretive history that helps us to understand both the Brazilian empire and the republic that replaced it.

"Journal of Interdisciplinary History"