The Cat Primary Visual Cortex

Other | November 1, 2001

byPayne, Bertram, Bertram Payne

not yet rated|write a review
Written by experts on the forefront of investigations of brain function, vision, and perception, the material presented is of an unparalleled scientific quality, and shows that analyses of enormous breadth and sophistication are required to probe the structure and function of brain regions. The articles are highly persuasive in showing what can be achieved by carrying out careful and imaginative experiments.The Cat Primary Visual Cortexshould emerge as essential reading for all those interested in cerebral cortical processing of visual signals or researching or working in any field of vision.

Key Features
* Comprehensive account of cat primary visual cortex
* Generous use of illustrations including color
* Covers research from structure to connections to functions
* Chapters by leaders in the field
* Topics presneted on multiple, compatible levels

Pricing and Purchase Info

$338.59 online
$439.63 list price (save 22%)
In stock online
Ships free on orders over $25

From the Publisher

Written by experts on the forefront of investigations of brain function, vision, and perception, the material presented is of an unparalleled scientific quality, and shows that analyses of enormous breadth and sophistication are required to probe the structure and function of brain regions. The articles are highly persuasive in showing...

Format:OtherDimensions:725 pages, 1 × 1 × 1 inPublished:November 1, 2001Publisher:Academic PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0080525326

ISBN - 13:9780080525327

Customer Reviews of The Cat Primary Visual Cortex

Reviews

Extra Content

Table of Contents

Preface


1 The Concept of Cat Primary Visual Cortex


Prologue


Milestones in the Development of the Concept of Cat Primary Visual Cortex


Connections


Composition of Area 17


Comparison of the Architectonics of Areas 17 and 18 and Identification of Borders


Visual Maps in Areas 17 and 18


Circuitry and Signal Processing in Areas 17 and 18


Visually Guided Behavior


Synthesis


Recent Challenges to the Primacy of Areas 17 and 18


Epilogue


2 Optical Imaging of Functional Architecture in Cat Primary Visual Cortex


Introduction


Methodological Aspects of Optical Imaging


Optical Imaging of Functional Maps in Cat Visual Cortex


Relationships between Columnar Systems


Comparison with the Functional Architecture in Other Species


Concluding Remarks


3 2-Deoxyglucose Architecture of Cat Primary Visual Cortex


Introduction


Orientation Domains


Ocular Dominance Domains


Spatial Frequency Domains


Development and Experience-Dependent Changes of Cortical Maps


Advantages and Disadvantages of the 2-DG Technique


Outlook


4 Functional Mapping in The Cat Primary Visual Cortex Using High Magnetic Fields


Introduction


Limitations of Current Techniques, or Why We Need Another Mapping Technique


Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging


Functional MRI of the Cat Primary Visual Cortex


Conclusions


5 Relationships of LGN Afferents and Cortical Efferents to Cytochrome Oxidase Blobs


Parallel Processing in the Mammalian Visual System


Organization of CO Staining in Cat Primary Visual Cortex


Geniculate Inputs to the CO Blobs


Molecular Markers for Other Blob/Interblob Inputs


Outputs of the CO Blobs


Projections to Area 19


Comparisons with Primates


Conclusions


6 INFLUENCE OF TOPOGRAPHY AND OCULAR DOMINANCE ON THE FUNCTIONAL ORGANIZATION OF CALLOSAL CONNECTIONS IN CAT STRIATE CORTEX


Introduction


The Vertical Meridian Rule


Callosal Fibers Interlink Cortical Sites That are in Retinotopic, Rather Than Anatomical, Correspondence


Interhemispheric Correlated Activity Guides Callosal Development


Summary and Concluding Remarks


7 Essential and Sustaining LGN Inputs to Cat Primary Visual Cortex


Introduction


The Reversible Inactivation Technique


Two Circuits in Area 17


Area 18: More Integrative Than Area 17


Functional Architecture of Visual Cortex


8 Integration of Thalamic Inputs to Cat Primary Visual Cortex


Introduction


Simple Receptive Fields


Numerical Aspects of the Geniculocortical Projection


Feedforward (Thalamic) Connections and Simple Cell Responses


Intrinsic Connections and Simple-Cell Responses


Conclusions


9 The Emergence of Direction Selectivity in Cat Primary Visual Cortex


Overview


Directional Tuning: The Basics


Computational Requirements for Direction Selectivity


Biological Instantiation of Computational Principles


Origins of Cortical Timings: The Lagged/Nonlagged Cell Model


Comparison with Recent Models


Intracortical Inhibition: Experimental Evidence


How are Inputs Combined?


Intralaminar and Interlaminar Interactions


Summary and Conclusions


Future Directions


10 Long-Range Intrinsic Connections in Cat Primary Visual Cortex


Introduction


Historical Overview


Layout of Long-Range Horizontal Connections


Types of Neurons Forming Long-Range Horizontal Connections


Synaptic Targets of Long-Range Intrinsic Connections


Divergence and Convergence of Long-Range Horizontal Connections at the Ultrastructural Level


Topographic Relations between Long-Range Intrinsic Connections and Functional Cortical Maps


Possible Functions


Plasticity of Long-Range Connections in the Adult


Conclusions


11 Pharmacological Studies on Receptive Field Architecture


Receptive Field Architecture in Cat Striate Cortex Cells


Specific Local Synaptic Input Systems to Striate Cortex Cells


Striate Cortical Network Effects on RF Properties


12 Orientation Selectivity and its Modulation by Local and Long-Range Connections in Visual Cortex


Overview and Introduction


Contributions of Local Cortical Excitation to the Generation of Orientation Selectivity: The Emergent Model


Effect of Long-Range Connections on Orientation-Specific Responses


Supraoptimal Responses and Dynamic Properties of Recurrent Inhibition


Short-Term Plasticity of Orientation Tuning Induced by Pattern Adaptation


Concluding Remarks


13 Response Synchronization, Gamma Oscillations, and Perceptual Binding in Cat Primary Visual Cortex


Introduction


Two Complimentary Strategies for the Representation of Relations: Smart Neurons and Assemblies


A Need for Dynamic Response Selection and Binding


Dynamic Grouping Mechanisms


Predictions


Response Synchronization in Striate Cortex


Response Synchronization, Mechanisms and Properties


Relation between Response Synchronization and Perceptual Phenomena


Dependency on Central States and Attention


Plasticity of Synchronizing Connections


The Impact of Synchronized Responses


Gamma Oscillations and Visual Perceptions in Human Subjects


Stimulus Locked Synchronization and Perceptual Grouping


Conclusions


14 The Special Relationship between Î Retinal Ganglion Cells and Cat Primary Visual Cortex


Introduction


Identification of Subsystems and Connections


Visual System Connections and Function in the Newborn


Visual Cortex Lesions


Factors Linked to Survival and Death of Ganglion Cells


Primates


Summary


15 Primary Visual Cortex within the Cortico-Cortico-Thalamic Network


Introduction


Function


Structure


Structure-Function Relationships


Conclusions


16 Behavioral Analyses of the Contributions of Cat Primary Visual Cortex to Vision


Introduction


The Behavioral Consequences of Lesions of the Visual Cortex


Insights Gained from Cats Reared with Selected Forms of Early Visual Deprivation


Conclusions


Index