The Catholic Church and the Holocaust, 1930-1965

Paperback | May 22, 2001

byMichael Phayer

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"Phayer offers exactly what was needed.... A fair and even-tempered account of a volatile subject." -Kirkus Reviews

"An important addition to the literature of the Holocaust." -Publishers Weekly

"Very valuable... a fine and judicious book." -István Deák, The New York Review of Books

"Phayer has written a singularly important book on the role of the Catholic Church in both the Holocaust and its aftermath, up to and including Vatican II. Diligently researched and documented, judicious in its conclusions, comprehensive in its scope, compassionate and humane in its outlook, this book is an indispensable resource." -Richard L. Rubenstein

"Phayer's study of [the Catholic Church] as an actor in the tumultuous history of the [20th century] will serve as a model for other historians." -Donald J. Dietrich, Boston College

Phayer's book, particularly strong on German source material, is at pains to list Pius's strong points his piety, his loathing of Hitler, the instances of personal warmth, the occasions when he criticized Nazism. Phayer examines not only Pius's actions but those of other leading Catholics, and his study extends beyond the end of World War II to follow the evolution of official Catholic thinking during the rebuilding of Germany, the cold war, and the gradual theological reforms that led to Vatican II. This enables Phayer to show how the church completely reversed its position relative to the Jews, but it also gives him a more thorough reading of Pius XII's overall record. It is a damning and convincing verdict that emerges." -Commonweal

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"Phayer offers exactly what was needed.... A fair and even-tempered account of a volatile subject." -Kirkus Reviews"An important addition to the literature of the Holocaust." -Publishers Weekly"Very valuable... a fine and judicious book." -István Deák, The New York Review of Books"Phayer has written a singularly important book on the r...

Michael Phayer is Professor of History at Marquette University. His two most recent books, Protestant Catholic Women in Nazi Germany and (with Eva Fleischner) Cries in the Night: Women Who Challenged the Holocaust, dealextensively with Catholic-Jewish relations before and during the Shoah.

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Format:PaperbackPublished:May 22, 2001Publisher:Indiana University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0253214718

ISBN - 13:9780253214713

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Table of Contents

Contents

Introduction
1. Catholic Attitudes Toward Jews Before the Holocaust
2. Genocide before the Holocaust: Poland, 1939
3. Genocide before the Holocaust: Croatia, 1941
4. The Holocaust and the Priorities of Pope Pius XII
5. In the Eye of the Storm: German Bishops and the Holocaust
6. European Bishops and the Holocaust
7. Catholic Rescue Efforts during the Holocaust
8. Answering for the Holocaust: The United States Confronts Germany
9. The Holocaust and the Priorities of Pope Pius XII during the Cold War
10. Catholics and Jews after the Holocaust
11. The Holocaust Recalled, Antisemitism Renounced: The Second Vatican Council
12. Epilogue
Notes
References
Index

Editorial Reviews

"Phayer insists that the failures and deficiencies of Pius XII's leadership ought not lead to a simplistic condemnation. He looks carefully at the record of the pope as well as those of bishops, the church, and individual Catholics, and concludes that the record is mixed and complex. This reviewer recommends Phayer's text as the appropriate choice for all libraries having an interest in issues relating to the Holocaust." -Choice, May 2001