The Changing Nervous System: Neurobehavioral Consequences of Early Brain Disorders by Sarah H. Broman

The Changing Nervous System: Neurobehavioral Consequences of Early Brain Disorders

EditorSarah H. Broman, Jack M. Fletcher

Hardcover | July 29, 1999

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This book provides an integrated review of current research on neural plasticity and reorganization after early cerebral insults. Addressing both animal studies and a variety of diverse clinical populations, including children with congenital brain malformations, focal lesions, autism, andpervasive developmental disorders, this book summarizes many of the major advances on neural plasticity made in these areas over the past several years. Characterized by a broad historical perspective including contributions from some of the earliest researchers on environmental factors and brainorganization, the book advances the reader form the laboratory to application in several human populations. Many of the components of the book explicitly address relationships of animal and human models, showing that the laboratory and the clinic are overlapping settings, not isolated chambers asthey are often perceived. The understanding of neural plasticity and both biological and environmental factors that influence brain reorganization after early cerebral insult has major implications for treatment. The book outlines many of the potential applications for treatment of early braindisorders. The contributors include basic neuroscientists, cognitive neuroscientists, and clinician-researchers who work together to bridge gaps among disciplines. The book should facilitate collaborative research and applications in the critical areas of neural plasticity and brainreorganization. Advancement of knowledge of factors that prevent and enhance brain reorganization after early cerebral insult is a key to unraveling the mysteries of the developmental disorders characteristic of children and which influence their development through adulthood.

About The Author

Sarah H. Broman is at National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Jack M. Fletcher is at University of Texas Health Sciences Center, Houston.

Details & Specs

Title:The Changing Nervous System: Neurobehavioral Consequences of Early Brain DisordersFormat:HardcoverPublished:July 29, 1999Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195121937

ISBN - 13:9780195121933

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Table of Contents

Part I SHAPING THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM1. Philip G. Nelson, Roger Davenport: Wiring the Brain: Activity Dependent and Activity Independent Development of Synaptic Circuits2. Mark R. Rosenzweig: Effects of Differential Experience on Brain and Cognition Throughout the Life Span3. William T. Greenough, James E. Black, Anna Klintsova, Kathy E. Bates, Ivan Jeanne Weiler: Experience and Plasticity in Brain Structure: Possible Implications of Basic Research Finding For Developmental DisordersPart II MECHANISMS OF REORGANIZATION4. Craig H. Bailey: Structural Changes Underlying Long-Term Memory5. Asaf Keller: The Role of Intrinsic Circuitry in Motor Cortex Plasticity6. Bertram R. Payne: Immature Visual Cortex Lesions: Global Rewiring, Neural Adaptations, and Behavioral SparingPart III NEURODEVELOPMENTAL COURSE OF EARLY BRAIN DISORDERS7. H. Julia Hannay, Jack M. Fletcher, Michael E. Brandt: The Role of the Corpus Callosum in the Cognitive Development of Children with Congenital Brain Malformations8. Maureen Dennis, C. Ross Hetherington, Brenda J. Spiegler, Marcia A. Barnes: Functional Consequences of Congenital Cerebellar Dysmorphologies and Acquired Cerebellar Lesions of Childhood9. Barry Gordon, Dana Boatman, Ronald P. Lesser, John Hart, Jr.: Recovery from Acquired Reading and Naming Deficits Following Focal Cerebral Resection10. Elizabeth Bates: Plasticity, Localization and Language Development11. Dorothy M. Aram: Neuroplasticity: Evidence from Unilateral Brain Lesions in Children12. Marian Sigman and Norman Kim: Continuity and Change in the Development of Children with Autism13. Eric Courchesne, Rachel Yeung Courchesne, Karen Pierce: Biological and Behavioral Heterogeneity in Autism: Role of Pleiotropy an EpigenesisPart IV INTERVENTIONS14. Susan J. Landry: Issues in Developing Effective Interventions15. Michael M. Merzenich, Gabrielle Saunders, William M. Jenkins, Steven Miller, Bret Peterson, Paula Tallal: Pervasive Developmental Disorders: Listening Training and Language AbilitiesPart V CONCLUSIONS16. Bennett A. Shaywitz: Development, Learning, and Neuroplasticity: Where We Are Now

Editorial Reviews

"This book provides a useful review of the mechanisms of neural plasticity and reorganization that underlie such recovery and describes many examples. It is a must for anyone interested in current research on neural plasticity and its application to the problems of early damage to the nervoussystem. All the chapters display a commendably high standard of writing, which make them not only interesting but also easy to read." -- John Stein, Trends in Neuroscience