The Church of Greece under Axis Occupation by Panteleymon AnastasakisThe Church of Greece under Axis Occupation by Panteleymon Anastasakis

The Church of Greece under Axis Occupation

byPanteleymon Anastasakis

Hardcover | December 15, 2014

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Axis forces (Germany, Italy, and Bulgaria) occupied Greece from 1941 to 1944. The unimaginable hardships caused by foreign occupation were compounded by the flight of the government days before enemy forces reached Athens. This national crisis forced the Church of Greece, an institutionaccustomed to playing a central political and social role during times of crisis, to fill the political vacuum. Led by Archbishop Damaskinos of Athens, the clergy sought to maintain the cultural, spiritual, and territorial integrity of the nation during this harrowing period. Circumstances forcedthe clergy to create a working relationship with the major political actors, including the Axis authorities, their Greek allies, and the growing armed resistance movements, especially the communist-led National Liberation Front. In so doing the church straddled a fine line between collaboration andresistance individual clerics, for instance, negotiated with Axis authorities to gain small concessions, while simultaneously resisting policies deemed detrimental to the nation.Drawing on official archives of the Greek Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the British Foreign Office, the U.S. State Department, and the Greek Holy Synod alongside an impressive breadth of published literature, this book provides a refreshingly nuanced account of the Greek clergy's complex response tothe Axis occupation of Greece during World War II. The author's comprehensive portrait of the reaction of Damaskinos and his colleagues, including tensions and divisions within the clergy, provides a uniquely balanced exploration of the critical role they played during the occupation. It helpsreaders understand how and why traditional institutions such as the Church played a central social and political role in moments of social upheaval and distress. Indeed, as this book convincingly shows, the Church was the only institution capable of holding Greek society together during World WarII.While The Church of Greece under Axis Occupation elucidates the significant differences between the Greek case and those of other territories in Axis-occupied Europe, it also offers fresh insight into the similarities. Greek clerics dealt with many of the same challenges clerics faced in other partsof Hitler's empire, including exceptionally brutal reprisal policies, deprivation and hunger, and the complete collapse of the social and political order caused by years of enemy occupation. By examining these challenges, this illuminating new book is an important contribution not only to Greekhistoriography but also to the broader literatures on the Holocaust, collaboration and resistance during World War II, and church state relations during times of crisis.
Panteleymon Anastasakis is an independent scholar. He specializes on twentieth century Balkan history, World War II, collaboration and resistance in times of war, and church-state relations.
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Title:The Church of Greece under Axis OccupationFormat:HardcoverDimensions:366 pages, 9 × 6 × 0.14 inPublished:December 15, 2014Publisher:Fordham University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0823261999

ISBN - 13:9780823261994

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Table of Contents

AcknowledgementsList of Foreign TermsIntroduction1. Historical Background: Church-State Relations from the Ottoman Period to the Eve of World War II (1453-1939)2. The Making of an Ethnarch: A Biographical Sketch of Archbishop Damaskinos (1891-1941)3. A Prelude of Events to Come: The Expansion of the Role of the Hierarchy in the Final Days of Freedom (April-May 1941)4. Unattainably High: Expectations of the Church of Greece during the Axis Occupation5. The Fruits of Their Labor: Shielding the Population from Axis Excesses6. Combating Famine and Destitution (1941-1944)7. The Path of Passive Resistance and Protest: The Response of the Church of Greece to Bulgarian Occupation Policies and the Holocaust8. In the Spirit of Papaflessas: The Relationship between EAM and the Clergy during the Axis OccupationEpilogueBibliography

Editorial Reviews

"The research on this work is of the highest order in both quantity and quality." --John A. Mazis, Hamline University