The Claustrum: Structural, Functional, And Clinical Neuroscience

Hardcover | January 7, 2014

byJohn R. SmythiesEditorLawrence Edelstein, Vilayanur S. Ramachandran

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The present day is witnessing an explosion of our understanding of how the brain works at all levels, in which complexity is piled on complexity, and mechanisms of astonishing elegance are being continually discovered. This process is most developed in the major areas of the brain, such as the cortex, thalamus, and striatum. The Claustrum instead focuses on a small, remote, and, until recently, relatively unknown area of the brain. In recent years, researchers have come to believe that the claustrum is concerned with consciousness, a bold hypothesis supported by the claustrum's two-way connections with nearly every other region of the brain and its seeming involvement with multisensory integrations the hallmark of consciousness. The claustrum, previously in a humble position at the back of the stage, might in fact be the conductor of the brain's orchestra. The Claustrum brings together leading experts on the claustrum from the varied disciplines of neuroscience, providing a state-of-the-art presentation of what is currently known about the claustrum, promising lines of current research including epigenetics , and projections of new lines of investigation on the horizon. Develops a unifying hypothesis about the claustrum's role in consciousness, as well as the integration of sensory information and other higher brain functions. Discusses the involvement of the claustrum with autism, schizophrenia, epilepsy, Alzheimer's disease, and Parkinson's disease Coverage of all aspects of the claustrum, from its evolution and development to promising new lines of research, including epigenetics, provides a platform and point of reference for future investigative efforts

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The present day is witnessing an explosion of our understanding of how the brain works at all levels, in which complexity is piled on complexity, and mechanisms of astonishing elegance are being continually discovered. This process is most developed in the major areas of the brain, such as the cortex, thalamus, and striatum. The Claust...

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The present day is witnessing an explosion of our understanding of how the brain works at all levels, in which complexity is piled on complexity, and mechanisms of astonishing elegance are being continually discovered. This process is most developed in the major areas of the brain, such as the cortex, thalamus, and striatum.The Claustr...

John Smythies is a neuropsychiatrist and neuroscientist and has made significant contributions to both these disciplines. Together with Humphrey Osmond he developed the first biochemical theory of schizophrenia-the transmethylation hypothesis. This has recently come back into focus following the finding that DNA methylation is abnormal...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:408 pages, 9.41 × 7.24 × 0.98 inPublished:January 7, 2014Publisher:Academic PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0124045669

ISBN - 13:9780124045668

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Table of Contents

Basic Research 1. History of the Study and Nomenclature of the Claustrum 2. The Structure and Connections of the Claustrum 3. The Neurochemistry of the Claustrum 4. The Development and Evolution of the Claustrum 5. The Physiology of the Claustrum 6. Neurocomputation and Coding in the Claustrum: Comparisons with the Pulvinar 7. High-Definition Fiber Tractography of the Human Claustrum

Clinical Research 8. The Delayed Development of the Claustrum in Autism 9. The Claustrum and Schizophrenia 10. The Claustrum and Epilepsy 11. The Claustrum and Alzheimer's Disease 12. The Claustrum and Parkinson's Disease

Hypotheses and Next Steps 13. Hypotheses Relating to the Function of the Claustrum 14. What Is it to Be Conscious? 15. Selected Areas for Future Research on the Claustrum

Editorial Reviews

"Researchers.share their results regarding a part of the brain that received little attention until recently but is now thought to be connected to consciousness. Among the topics are: the history of the study and nomenclature of the claustrum; neurocomputation and coding in the claustrum in comparison with the pulvinar."--ProtoView.com, April 2014