This is the seventh volume of Bentham's Correspondence, and nearly three-quarters of the letters included in it have not been published before. In 1802 Bentham started to acquire an international reputation through the publication of his Traites de legislation civile et penale. The correspondence contains information about the numerous last-minute revisions which Bentham suggested, about early reactions to the work, and about itstranslation into Russian. When, in 1802 - 3, Bentham failed in his attempt to get his Panopticon penitentiary project implemented by the government, he turned his attention to adjective law, writing extensively about evidence and procedure, and in 1808 he published a substantial pamphlet on thereform of the Scottish judicature. Exchanges of letters with Sir Samuel Romilly, Francis Horner and others throw some light on the composition of these works and also illuminate aspects of his personal life: his relationships with his brother Samuel, with his Genevan editor Etienne Dumont, withLord Holland's sister Caroline Fox, to whom he proposed marriage in 1805, and with Aaron Burr, adventurer and former vice-president of the United States, who formed a close friendship with him in 1808.