The Columbia Documentary History of Race and Ethnicity in America

Kobo ebook | September 5, 2004

byRonald H. Bayor

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All historians would agree that America is a nation of nations. But what does that mean in terms of the issues that have moved and shaped us as a people? Contemporary concerns such as bilingualism, incorporation/assimilation, dual identity, ethnic politics, quotas and affirmative action, residential segregation, and the volume of immigration resonate with a past that has confronted variations of these modern issues. The Columbia Documentary History of Race and Ethnicity in America, written and compiled by a highly respected team of American historians under the editorship of Ronald Bayor, illuminates the myriad ways in which immigration, racial, and ethnic histories have shaped the contours of contemporary American society.

This invaluable resource documents all eras of the American past, including black--white interactions and the broad spectrum of American attitudes and reactions concerning Native Americans, Irish Catholics, Mexican Americans, Jewish Americans, and other groups. Each of the eight chronological chapters contains a survey essay, an annotated bibliography, and 20 to 30 related public and private primary source documents, including manifestos, speeches, court cases, letters, memoirs, and much more. From the 1655 petition of Jewish merchants regarding the admission of Jews to the New Netherlands colony to an interview with a Chinese American worker regarding a 1938 strike in San Francisco, documents are drawn from a variety of sources and allow students and others direct access to our past.

Selections include

Powhatan to John Smith, 1609

Thomas Jefferson -- "Notes on the State of Virginia"

Petition of the Trustees of Congregation Shearith Israel, 1811

Bessie Conway or, The Irish Girl in America

German Society in Chicago, Annual Report, 1857--1858.

"Mark Twain's Salutation to the Century"

W. E. B. DuBois, "Of Our Spiritual Strivings"

NAACP on Black Schoolteachers'Fight for Equal Pay

Malcom X speech, 1964

Hewy Newton interview and Black Panther Party platform

Preamble -- La Raza Unida Party

Lee lacocca speech to Ethnic Heritage Council of the Pacific Northwest, 1984

Native American Graves and Repatriation Act, 1990

L.A. riot -- from the Los Angeles Times, May 3, 15, 1992; Nov. 16, 19, 1992

Asian American Political Alliance

President Clinton's Commission on Race, Town Meeting, 1997

Louis Farrakhan -- "The Vision for the Million Man March"

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All historians would agree that America is a nation of nations. But what does that mean in terms of the issues that have moved and shaped us as a people? Contemporary concerns such as bilingualism, incorporation/assimilation, dual identity, ethnic politics, quotas and affirmative action, residential segregation, and the volume of immig...

Ronald H. Bayor is professor of history in the School of History, Technology, and Society at the Georgia Institute of Technology's Ivan Allen College of Liberal Arts and recipient of the Immigration and Ethnic History Society's Distinguished Service award. He is the founding editor of the Journal of American Ethnic History and the au...

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Format:Kobo ebookPublished:September 5, 2004Publisher:Columbia University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0231508409

ISBN - 13:9780231508407

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Extra Content

Table of Contents

Chapter 1, Ethnicity in Seventeenth-Century English America, 1600--1700, Carol Berkin
1. A Letter from a Gentleman of the City of New-York, 1698
2. The Beginning, Progress, and Conclusion of Bason's Rebellion in Virginia, In the Years 1675 and 1676
3. Edward Winslow, "Chapter 7," Good News from New England, 1624
4. Peter Schaghen to the Directors of the West India Company, 1626
5. Powhatan's Address to John Smith, 1609
6. Richard Frethorne to his father and mother, March 20, April 2 & 3, 1623
7. Reverend Samuel Smith to Ichabod Smith, January 1698/99
8. A Declaration or Confession of [Roger] Court Crotosse one of Col. John Wests Servants of some misdemeanors committed or done by him or other Servants belonging to the said Col. West, 1684
9. "Whereas Hugh Gwynº" Minutes of the Council and General Court of Colonial Virginia, 9th of July 1640
9. "Whereas Hugh Gwynº" Minutes of the Council and General Court of Colonial Virginia, 9th of July 1640
10. John Rolfe to Sir Thomas Dale, 1614
10. John Rolfe to Sir Thomas Dale, 1614
11. Petition of Jewish Merchants to the Honorable Lords, Directors of the Chartered West India Company, Chamber of the City of Amsterdam, January 1655
12. The Case of Maria Negro, Court of Assistants, Boston, 1681
13. Declaration against the Proceedings of Nathaniel Bacon, 1676
14. "An Act Defining the Status of Mulatto Bastards," December 1662
15. Petition of Richard Saltonstall, 1645
16. The Remonstrance of the Inhabitants of Flushing, Long Island, against the Law Against Quakers and Subsequent Proceedings, January 1, 1658
17. William Bradford describes his encounter with Samoset, 1621
18. Rev. Johannes Megapolensis to the Classis of Amsterdam, March 18, 1655
19. Statement showing wherein Capt. Daniel Brodhead has exceeded the instruction given by the Honorable Richard Nicols, Governor General, April 25, 1667
20. Petition of Marylanders, November 20, 1690 and the Response to the Petition by John Coode and Kenelm Cheseldine, December 22, 1690
21. The Massachusetts Bible, 1663
22. Portrait of Princess Pocahontas, daughter of Powhatan
23. Benjamin Tompson, New England's Crisis, 1676
24. Vincent Bigot's Report, "Of the Piety and Devotion of the Christian Iroquois, 1677
25. The Testimony of Marmaduke Stevenson, 1659
Chapter 2 Ethnicity in Eighteenth-Century North America, 1701--1788, -- Graham Russell Hodges
1. Indian Women of Cabo San Lucas
2. Detailed Reports on the Salzburger Emigrants
3. The Life, History and Unparalled Sufferings of John Jea, the African Preacher
4. The Journal of Nicholas Collin, 1746--1831 -- Extract of the Most Noteworthy Transactions during My Incumbency as Rector at the Raccoon and Pensneck Congregations, From September 30, 1773
5. The Life of the Reverend Devereux Jarrett, Written by Himself; Excerpts
6. The Itinerarium of Dr. Alexander Hamilton
7. "A List of the Different Nations and Tribes of Indians in the Northern District of North America, with the number of their fighting men," early 1700s
8. J. Hector St. John Crèvecoeur, "What is an American"
9. "It Was Not Smallpox" -- report of Jean-Charles d'Arnaud, 1732
10. The Independent Reflector, William Livingston on Kings College, 1753
11. Thomas Jefferson -- "Notes on the State of Virginia"
12. "A Gouging Match"; "A Backwoods Ball and Fight"
13. New York Colonial Muster Rools, 1755
14. Rev. Alexander Stewart to Rev. John Waring, 1764; James Francis to Rev. Alexander Stewart, 1764; Rev. Samuel Auchmuty to Rev. John Waring, 1761
15. Abigail Franks to Naphtali Franks 1743
16. Daniel Horsmanden, The New York Conspiracy, 1741
Chapter 3 The Limits of Equality: Racial and Ethnic Tensions in the New Republic, 1789--1936-- Marion R. Casey
1. Sarah Cary to Samuel Cary, July 1792
2. Timothy Pickering to Anthony Wayne, 8 April 1795
3. "The New-York Society for the Information and Assistance of Persons Emigrating from Foreign Countries," New-York Register, 1795
4. "The Naturalization of Immigrants, 1795"
5. Edward Livingston, "Against the Alien Act, 1798"
6. Red Jacket, "Against White Missions Among the Indians"
7. United German Benefit Society, By-Laws of the United German Benefit Society: agreed upon at different meetings
8. "Act to Prohibit the Importation of Slaves March 2, 1807"
4. August Spies autobiography, 1886.
9. Max Farrand, ed, A Journey to Ohio in 1810: As Recorded in the Journal of Margaret Dwight
5. Thomas Nast, "This Is a White Man's Government" Harper's Weekly, September 5, 1868
10. "Petition of the Trustees of the Congregation of Shearith Israel, 1811"
11. William Sampson, The Catholic Question in America: Whether a Roman Catholic Clergyman be in any case compellable to disclose the secrets of Auricular Confession
12. Paul Cuffe, "Memorial Petition to Congress, 1813"
13. John Walker, A Critical Pronouncing Dictionary and Expositor of the English Language: in which not only the Meaning of Every Word is Explained and the Sound of Every Syllable Distinctly Shown,ºTo which are Prefixed Principles of English PronunciationºLikewise, Rules to be Observed by the Natives of Scotland, Ireland and London, for Avoiding Their Respective Peculiarties
14. John Doyle, 25 January 1818
15. "The Shamrock Friendly Association"
16. Hezekiah Niles, "Editorial," Niles'Weekly Register, 8 August 1818
17. Jesse Torrey, A portraiture of domestic slavery in the United States: proposing national measures for the education and gradual emancipation of the slaves, without impairing the legal privileges of the possessor, and a project of a colonial asylum for free people of colour: including memoirs of facts on the interior traffic in slaves, and on kidnapping.
18. "Stockbridge, Maine," Report of the Select Committee of the Society for Propagating the Gospel Among the Indians and Others in North America
19. Catherine Brown, the Converted Cherokee: A Missionary Drama, founded on fact, written by a lady
20. Clear and Concise statement of New-York and the surrounding country: containing a faithful account of many of those base impositions which are constantly and uniformly practiced upon British emigrants by crafty, designing and unprincipled adventurers
21. Pennsylvania General Assembly, Resolutions relative to preventing the introduction of slavery into new states
22. "Diary of Catherine Maria Sedgwick, June 1821"
23. Travels by His Highness Duke Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach through North America in the Years 1825 and 1826
24. William Lloyd Garrison, The Liberator
25. Mathew Carey, Letters on the Colonization Society: with a view of its probable resultsºthe origin of the Society, increase of the coloured population, manumission of slaves in thfsis countryºaddressed to C.F. Mercer
26. Bayard Tuckerman, ed. The Diary of Philip Hone, 1828--1851
27. Samuel F.B. Morse, Foreign Conspiracy Against the Liberties of the United States
28. Andrew Jackson, "Removal of Southern Indians to Indian Territory"
29. "Mass at S. Patrick's, 1836"
30. William L. Stone, The True History of Maria Monk, A Reprint of the Famous Report of Her Charges
Chapter 4
Racial and Ethnic Identity in the United States, 1837--1877-- Michael Miller Topp
1. Letter from Martin Weitz, Rockville, Connecticut, to his relatives in Schotten, Vogelsberg, Germany, July 29, 1855.
2. Letter from Angela Heck, New York, New York, to her relatives in Irrel, Trier, Germany, October 26, 1862.
3. German Society in Chicago, Annual Report, 1857--1858.
4. August Spies autobiography, 1886.
5. Thomas Nast, "This Is a White Man's Government" Harper's Weekly, September 5, 1868
6. John O'Sullivan, "Annexation," 1845
7. Bessie Conway or, The Irish Girl in America
8. Irish immigrant life in the United States
9. Dennis Kearney, "History of the American Working Classes," 1878
10. "An Act to Protect Free White Labor Against Competition With Chinese Coolie Labor, and to Discourage the Immigration of the Chinese into the State of California," 1862
6. "Atlanta Compromise": Booker T. Washington
11. Colonel Albert S. Evans, "A Cruise on the Barbary Coast," 1873
7. "Of Mr. Booker T. Washington and Others": W.E.B. Dubois
12. A sketch of the famous Chinese prostitute Ah Toy
8. Standing Bear's Protest
13. "The Chinese-Facts for Atlantic Papers."
14. The Page Law, 1875
15. Richard Henry Dana, "California and Its Inhabitants," 1840
16. Antoinio María Osio, "The History of Alta California," 1851
17. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, 1848
18. Juan Seguin, "Personal Memoirs," 1858
19. Juan Cortina organized a rebellion in the 1850s against Anglos in Texas
20. Solomon Northup provides an eyewitness account of a slave auction
21. Harriet Jacobs harrowing account of her life under slavery
22. Letter from James Henry Gooding to Abraham Lincoln, September 28, 1863
23. Letter from Hannah Johnson to Abraham Lincoln, July 31, 1863
24. "black codes" This set of codes is from St. Landry's parish in Louisiana
25. Letter from Jourdon Anderson to Colonel P.H. Anderson, August 7, 1865
26. Elias Hill testifying before the Congressional Committee Investigating the Ku Klux Klan, 1871
27. Little Bear, "The Sand Creek Massacre," 1864
Chapter 5 Race, Nation and Citizenship in Late Nineteenth-Century America,
1878--1900Mae M. Ngai
1. "The Life Story of a Negro Peon"
2. Plessy v. Ferguson
3. "Southern Horrors."
4. The lynching of William Brooks [photograph]
5. "A Colored Complaint"
6. "Atlanta Compromise": Booker T. Washington
7. "Of Mr. Booker T. Washington and Others": W.E.B. Dubois
8. Standing Bear's Protest
9. Office of Indian Affairs, Field Matron's job description, 1892
10. "Omaha discuss allotment": A House of Our Own
11. Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock, 1903
12. "Kiansis I"
13. In re Rodriguez, 1897
14. Leong Shee's testimony, 1893
15. Contract between Mee Yung and Yut Kum: An Agreement Paper by the person Mae Yung
16. "Every Dog Has His Day" 1879
17. Chinese in Napa asylum, 1912
18. Robert Ferrari's autobiography
19. "How the Other Half Lives"
20. "Immigration Restriction" 1896
21--22 Queen Liliuokalani's defends her kingdom
23. "A Handbook on the Annexation of Hawaii"
24--25 "The White Man's Burden" and "Why Talk of the White Man's Burden?"
26. Bryan's "Savannah Interview" 1898
27. "To the Philippine People"
28. "Consent of the Governed"
29. "Mark Twain's Salutation to the Century"
Chapter 6
The Critical Period: Ethnic Emergence and Reaction, 1901--1929Andrew R. Heinze
3. W.E.B. DuBois, "Of Our Spiritual Strivings"
4. Geronimo: His Own Story, 1906
5. Genthe's Photographs of San Francisco's Old Chinatown
6. Leonard Covello, The Heart is the Teacher
7. George Kennan, "The Japanese in the San Francisco Public Schools," 1907
8. Theodore Roosevelt, Letter to Philander Knox, February 8, 1909
9. Forverts (Jewish Daily Forward), 1909
10. "Outside the Slaughter House", 1911
11. Horace M. Kallen, "Democracy Versus the Melting-Pot,"
12. Wartime memos to Hugo Munsterbeg, 1914--1916
13. W.E.B. DuBois, "Close Ranks," The Crisis (July 1918) W.E.B. DuBois, "Returning Soldiers," The Crisis (May 1919)
14. Marcus Garvey, "National Anthem of Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League," 1918
15. Willa Cather, My Antonia, 1918
16. W.I. Thomas and Florian Znaniecki, The Polish Peasant in Europe and America
17. The Chicago Commission on Race Relations, The Negro in Chicago: A Study of Race Relations and a Race Riot, 1922
18. Carl C. Brigham, A Study of American Intelligence, 1923
19. Franz Boas, "The Question of Racial Purity" 1924
20. Gong Lum v. Rice, 1927
21. The Mexican Immigrant: His Life-Story, Autobiographic Documents Collected by Manuel Gamio, 1931
22. "Black and Blue" (recorded by Louis Armstrong, 1929; written by Fats Waller)
Chapter 7 Changing Racial Meanings: Race and Ethnicity in the United States, 1930--1964-- Thomas A. Guglielmo and Earl Lewis
1. Frances Perkins to Mr. Arthur Krock, April 22, 1940
2. Ashley Montagu, Man's Most Dangerous Myth: The Fallace of Race
3. Declaration of Intention (to Naturalize) for Joseph Imburgia, Chicago, IL, July 25, 1939
4. Helen Jackson Lee, Nigger in the Window
5. NAACP on black schoolteachers'fight for equal pay
6. George Streator to W.E.B. DuBois, April 18, 1935
7. Ella Earls Cotton, A Spark for My People
8. "That Thanksgiving Turkey," Chicago Defender, November 29, 1924
9. Chinese ILGWU activity in 1930s California
10. Mexican American Workers join the CIO
11. Social Security Board Posters, n.d.
12. Tydings-McDuffie Act, 1934
13. The Wheeler-Howard Act, 1934
14. Norfolk, VA. HOLC Ratings
15. United We Win
16. Photo of Navajo Marines, December 1943
17. Zoot Suit Riot
18. Japanese Internment during World War II
19. Japanese American Protests Internment: "Evacuation Was a Mistake"
20. Restrictive Covenant, Pittsfield Township, MI, November 27, 1941
21. Memorandum from Elmer Henderson to Will Maslow, December 20, 1944
22. FBI File of Isaac Alexander Wright
23. "Terrorism Against Negroes in Chicago Since V-J Day -- August 1945 to April 1948
24. Jackie Robinson letter to President Dwight Eisenhower
25. March on Washington, 1963
Chapter 8 Racial and Ethnic Relations in America: 1865--2000Timothy J. Meagher
1. Malcom X speech, 1954
2. Stokely Carmichael and Charles Hamilton, Black Power, 1967
3. Native American Graves and Repatriation Act, 1990
4. Hewy Newton interview and Black Panther platform
5. National Black Political Agenda -- from The Gary Declaration
6. Molefi Asante The Afrocentric Idea
7. Vine Deloria, Jr., "This Country Was A Lot Better Off When the Indians were Running It"
8. "We Must Hold On to the Old Ways", 1969
9. El Plan de Aztlan
10. Preamble -- La Raza Unida party
11. Asian American Political Alliance
12. Amy Uyematsu, "The Emergence of Yellow Power in America," 1969
13. Reparations for Japanese -- American Internees, 1968
14. Jesse Jackson speech to Democratic Convention, 1984
15. Kerner Commission Report (National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders)
16. Nat Hentoff interview with Julius Lester, 1969
17. Michael Novak - The Rise of the Unmeltable Ethnics
18. Monsignor Geno Baroni and Mr. Muench testimony -- National Conference of Catholic Bishops, 1975
19. Lee lacocca speech to Ethnic Heritage Council of the Pacific Northwest, 1984
20. Mario Cuomo speech, "Abraham Lincoln and our 'Unfinished Work,'" 1986
21. Michael MacDonald, All Souls: A Family Story From Southie
22. Immigration Reform and Control Act, 1986, and President Ronald Reagan's statement
25. Regents of the Univ. of California v. Bakke, 1978
26. President Lyndon Johnson speech, Commencement Address at Howard University, "To Fulfill These Rights," 1965
27. Report - "One Nation, Many People: A Declaration of Cultural Independence
28. Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. from The Disuniting of America
29. Oakland, CA School Board on Ebonies, 1996
30. California proposition 227 - Bilingual Education, 1998
31. L.A. riot - from L.A. Times, May 3, 15, 1992, Nov. 16, 19, 1992
32. Trial Transcript from the O.J. Simpson trial, 1995
33. Louis Farrakhan - "The Vision for the Million Man March" and "The Black Woman's Statement of Support for the Million Man March."
34. President Clinton's Commission on Race, Town Meeting, 1997

Editorial Reviews

This book presents a good foundation for learning about different races, religion, and cultural groups in America.... The documents that follow are invaluable.