The Concise Canadian Writers Handbook

Spiral Bound | March 8, 2013

byWilliam E. Messenger, Jan de Bruyn, Judy Brown

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a href="http://www.oupcanada.com/ebrochure/messenger/index.html"img src="/images/hed/closer_look_btn.gif"/aThis streamlined version of Canada's most trusted guide to research, writing, and documentation delivers invaluable advice on every aspect of the writing process, from composing a sentence to producing a full-length research paper.

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a href="http://www.oupcanada.com/ebrochure/messenger/index.html"img src="/images/hed/closer_look_btn.gif"/aThis streamlined version of Canada's most trusted guide to research, writing, and documentation delivers invaluable advice on every aspect of the writing process, from composing a sentence to producing a full-length research paper...

William E. Messenger (now deceased) and Jan de Bruyn, both emeritus professors of the University of British Columbia, produced the first edition of The Canadian Writer's Handbook (main volume) in 1980. Judy Brown joined the project as an editorial consultant on the third edition; she is a senior instructor and associate head in the Eng...

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Format:Spiral BoundDimensions:540 pages, 8.38 × 5.38 × 0.74 inPublished:March 8, 2013Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195447085

ISBN - 13:9780195447088

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Table of Contents

Exercises in the Online Student WorkbookPrefaceAcknowledgementsPart One: Principles of Composition1. Kinds of Paragraphs1a. Functions of Paragraphs1b. Kinds of Paragraphs: Methods of DevelopmentUnity, Coherence, and Emphasis in Paragraphs2. Paragraph Unity3. Paragraph Coherence4. Coherence through Organization: Beginning, Middle, and Ending4a. The Beginning: Topic Sentences4b. The Middle4c. The Ending5. Structural Coherence5a. Parallelism5b. Repetition5c. Pronouns and Demonstrative Adjectives5d. Transitional Terms6. Emphasis in Paragraphs7. Length of Paragraphs7a. Too Many Long Paragraphs7b. Too Many Short Paragraphs7c. VarietyReview: A Sample Paragraph with an AnalysisThe Whole Essay8. Unity, Coherence, and Emphasis8a. Unity8b. Coherence8c. Emphasis9. The Process of Planning, Writing, and Revising9a. Finding a Subject and Pre-writing9b. Limiting the Subject9c. Considering Audience and Purpose9d. Gathering Evidence9e. Classifying and Organizing the Evidence9f. The Thesis Statement and the Outline9g. The Importance of Outlining9h. Kinds of Outlines9i. Sentence Outlines9j. Constructing Sentence Outlines9k. Writing the First Draft9-l. Notes on Beginnings9m. Revising9n. Preparing the Final Draft9-o. Editing and Proofreading10. Argument: Writing to Convince or Persuade10a. Subject10b. Audience10c Evidence10d Organization10e Being Reasonable10f. Including the Opposition10g. Using Induction and Deduction10h. Detecting and Avoiding Fallacies11. Writing In-class Essays and Essay ExaminationsPart Two: Understanding Sentences12. Sentence Patterns and Conventions12a. Subject and Predicate, Noun and Verb12b. Articles and Other Modifiers12c. Sentence Pattern 1: subject + verb12d. Sentence Pattern 2A: subject + verb + direct object12e. Sentence Pattern 2B (passive voice): subject + passive voice verb12f. Sentence Pattern 3: subject + verb + indirect object + direct object12g. Sentence Pattern 4A: subject + linking verb + subjective complement (predicate adjective)12h. Sentence Pattern 4B: subject + linking verb + subjective complement (predicate noun)12i. Sentence Pattern 5A: subject + verb + direct object + objective complement (adjective)12j. Sentence Pattern 5B: subject + verb + direct object + objective complement (noun)12k. Sentence Pattern 6 (expletive): there or it + linking verb (+ complement) + subject12-l. Other Elements: Structure Words12m. Independent (Main) Clauses12n. Subordinate (Dependent) Clauses12-o. Functions of Subordinate Clauses12p. Phrases12q. Appositives12r. Absolute Phrases12s. Order of Elements in Declarative Sentences12t. Order of Elements in Interrogative Sentences12u. The Structure of Imperative Sentences12v. What Is a Sentence?12w. Minor Sentences12x. Fragments12y. Major Sentences12z Kinds of Major SentencesPart Three: Parts of Speech13. Nouns13a. Inflection of Nouns13b. Grammatical Function of Nouns14. Pronouns14a. Personal Pronouns14b. Impersonal Pronouns14c. Interrogative Pronouns14d. Relative Pronouns14e. Case14f. Demonstrative Pronouns14g. Indefinite Pronouns14h. Reflexive and Intensive Pronouns14i. Reciprocal Pronouns15. Agreement of Pronouns with Their Antecedents15a. Antecedents Joined by and15b. Antecedents Joined by or or nor15c. Indefinite Pronoun as Antecedent15d. Pronouns and Inclusive Language: Avoiding Gender Bias15e. Collective Noun as Antecedent15f. Agreement with Demonstrative Adjectives16. Reference of Pronouns16a. Remote Antecedent16b. Ambiguous Reference16c. Vague Reference16d. Missing Antecedent16e. Indefinite you, they, and it17. Verbs17a. Kinds of Verbs: Transitive, Intransitive, and Linking17b. Inflection of Verbs: Principal Parts17c. Irregular Verbs17d. Inflection for Person and Number17e. Auxiliary Verbs17f. Inflection of do, be, and have17g. Time and the Verb: Inflection for Tense17h. The Functions of the Different Tenses Sequence of Tenses17i. Sequence of Tenses Verb Phrases in Compound Predicates17j. Verb Phrases in Compound Predicates Tenses in Writing about Literatute17k. Tenses in Writing about Literature Mood17-l. Mood Voice: Active and Passive18. Agreement between Subject and Verb18a. Words Intervening Between Subject and Verb18b. Compound Subject: Singular Nouns Joined by and18c. Compound Subject: Parts Joined by or or a Correlative18d. Agreement with Indefinite Pronouns18e. Subject Following Verb18f. Agreement with Collective Nouns18g. Nouns That Are Always Singular or Always Plural18h. Plurals: criteria, data, media, etc.18i. Agreement with Relative Pronouns18j. Titles of Works: Words Referred to as Words19. Adjectives19a. Kinds of Adjectives19b. Comparison of Descriptive Adjectives19c. Articles: a, an, and the19d. Placement of Adjectives19e. Order of Adjectives19f. Adjectives Functioning as Nouns20. Adverbs20a. Kinds and Functions of Adverbs20b. Forms of Adverbs20c. Comparison of Adverbs20d. Placement of Adverbs21. Verbals: Infinitives, Participles, and Gerunds21a. Infinitives21b. Tense and Voice of Infinitives21c. Split Infinitives21d. Participles21e. Tense and Voice of Participles21f. Gerunds21g. Tense and Voice of Gerunds21h. Possessives with Gerunds21i. Verbals in Absolute Phrases22. Prepositions22a. Functions of Prepositions and Prepositional Phrases22b. Placement of Prepositions22c. Common Prepositions22d. Two-Part Verbs; Verb Idioms23. Conjunctions23a. Coordinating Conjunctions23b. Correlative Conjunctions23c. Subordinating Conjunctions24. InterjectionsPart Four: Basic Sentence Elements: Writing Effective Sentences25. Basic Sentence Elements: Subject, Verb, Object, Complement25a. Subject25b. Finite Verb25c. Direct Object25d. Subjective Complement26. Modifiers26a. Adjectival Modifiers26b. Adverbial Modifiers26c. Overlapping Modifiers26d. Using Modifiers: A Sample ScenarioLength, Variety, and Emphasis27. Sentence Length27a. Short Sentences27b. Long Sentences28. Sentence Variety28a. Variety of Lengths28b. Variety of Kinds28c. Variety of Structures29. Emphasis in Sentences29a. Endings and Beginnings29b. Loose Sentences and Periodic Sentences29c. The Importance of the Final Position29d. Changing Word Order29e. Movable Modifiers29f. Using the Expletive and the Passive Voice for Emphasis29g. Emphasis by Repitition29h. Emphasis by Stylistic Contrast29i. Emphasis by Syntax29j. Emphasis by Punctuation30. Analyzing Sentences30a. The Chart Method30b. The Vertical MethodCommon Sentence Problems31. Sentence Coherence32. Fragments33. Comma Splices34. Run-on (Fused) Sentences35. Misplaced Modifiers35a. Movability and Poor Placement35b. Only, almost, etc.35c. Squinting Modifiers36. Dangling Modifiers36a. Dangling Participial Phrases36b. Dangling Gerund Phrases36c. Dangling Infinitive Phrases36d. Dangling Elliptical Clauses36e. Dangling Prepositional Phrases and Appositives37. Mixed Constructions38. Faulty Alignment39. Shifts in Perspective: Inconsistent Point of View39a. Shifts in Tense39b. Shifts in Mood39c. Shifts in Voice39d. Shifts in Person of Pronoun39e. Shifts in Number of Pronoun40. Faulty Parallelism40a. With Coordinate Elements40b. With Correlative Conjunctions40c. In a Series41. Faulty Coordination: Logic, Emphasis, and Unity42. Faulty LogicPart Five: Punctuation43. Internal Punctuation: The Comma43a. The Comma with Independent Clauses Joined by a Coordinating Conjunction43b. The Comma with Short Independent Clauses Not Joined by a Coordinating Conjunction43c. The Comma between Items in a Series43d. The Comma between Parallel Adjectives43e. The Comma with Introductory or Concluding Words, Phrases, and Clauses43f. The Comma with Nonrestrictive Elements43g. The Comma with Sentence Interrupters44. Internal Punctuation: The Semicolon44a. The Semicolon Between Independent Clauses44b. The Semicolon Between Items in a Series45. Internal Punctuation: The Colon46. Internal Punctuation: The Dash47. Parentheses48. Brackets49. End Punctuation: The Period50. End Punctuation: The Question Mark50a. Interrupters Set Off with Commas50b. Interrupters Set Off with Dashes50c. Interrupters Set Off with Parentheses51. End Punctuation: The Exclamation Point52. Quotation Marks52a. Direct Speech52b. Direct Quotation from a Source52c. Quotation Within Quotation52d. Words Used in a Special Sense52e. Other Marks with Quotation Marks53. Ellipses for Omissions54. Avoiding Common Errors in Punctuation54a. Run-on (Fused) Sentences54b. Comma Splice54c. Unwanted Comma Between Subject and Verb54d. Unwanted Comma between Verb and Object or Complement54e. Unwanted Comma After Last Adjective of a Series54f. Unwanted Comma Between Coordinated Words and Phrases54g. Commas with Emphatic Repetition54h. Unwanted Comma with Short Introductory or Parenthetical Element54i. Unwanted Comma with Restrictive Appositive54j. Unwanted Comma with Indirect Quotation54k. Unwanted Question Mark after Indirect Question54-l. Unwanted Semicolon with Subordinate Element54m. Unwanted Colon After Incomplete Construction54n. Unwanted Double Punctuation: Comma or Semicolon with a DashPart Six: Mechanics and Spelling55. Formatting an Essay56. Abbreviations56a. Titles before Proper Names56b. Titles and Degrees after Proper Names56c. Standard Words Used with Dates and Numerals56d. Agencies and Organizations Known by Their Initials56e. Scientific and Technical Terms Known by Their Initials56f. Latin Expressions Commonly Used in English56g. Terms in Official Titles57. Capiltalization57a. Names and Nicknames57b. Professional and Honorific Titles57c. Words Designating Family Relationships57d. Place Names57e. Months, Days, Holidays57f. Religious Names57g. Names of Nationalities and Organizations57h. Names of Institutions, Sections of Government, Historical Events, and Buildings57i. Academic Courses and Languages57j. Derivatives of Proper Nouns57k. Abbreviations of Proper Nouns57-l. I and 057m. Titles of Written and Other Works57n. First Words57-o. With Personification and for Emphasis58. Titles58a. Italics for Whole or Major Works58b. Quotation Marks for Short Works and Parts of Longer Works58c. Titles within Titles59. Italics59a. Names of Ships and Planes59b. Non-English Words and Phrases59c. Words Referred to as Words59d. For Emphasis60. Numerals60a. Time of Day60b. Dates60c. Addresses60d. Technical and Mathematical Numbers60e. Parts of a Written Work60f. Statistics and Numbers of More Than Two Words60g. Commas with Numerals61. Spelling Rules and Common Causes of Error61a. ie or ei61b. Prefixes61c. Suffixes61d. Final e Before a Suffix61e. Final y after a Consonant and Before a Suffix61f. Doubling of a Final Consonant Before a Suffix61g. Changes in Spelling of Roots61-h. Confusion with Other Words61i. Homophones and Other Words Sometimes Confused61j. One Word or Two?61k. Hyphenation61-l. Plurals61m. Apostrophes to Indicate Omissions61n. PossessivesPart Seven: Diction62. Spelling List63. About Dictionaries63a. Kinds of Dictionaries63b. Features of Dictionaries63c. Three Sample Dictionary Entries64. Level64a. Slang64b. Informal, Colloquial64c. "Fine Writing"65. Figurative Language65a. Inappropriate Metaphors65b. Overextended Metaphors65c. Dead Metaphors65d. Mixed Metaphors66. Concrete and Abstract Diction; Weak Generalizations66a. Concreteness and Specificity66b. Weak Generalizations67. Connotation and Denotation68. Euphemism69. Wrong Word70. Idiom71. Wordiness, Jargon, and Associated Problems71a. Wordiness71b. Repetition71c. Redundancy71d. Ready-made Phrases71e. Triteness, Cliches71f. Overuse of Nouns71g. Nouns Used as Adjectives71h. Jargon72. Usage: A Checklist of Troublesome Words and PhrasesPart Eight: Research, Writing, and Documentation73. Finding Resources73a. Libraries73b. The Internet74. The Research Plan74a. Academic Proposals74b. A Preliminary Bibliography74c. A Working Bibliography75. Taking Notes75a. The Note Itself75b. The Source75c. The Slug75d. Recording Your Own Ideas76. Writing the Essay76a. Keeping Track of Notes in Your Drafts77. Acknowledging Sources77a. "Common Knowledge"78. Quotation, Paraphrase, Summary, and Plagiarism78a. Legitimate Paraphrase78b. Illegitimate Paraphrase78c. Paraphrase and Quotation Mixed78d. Summary78e. Maintaining Academic Integrity and Avoiding Plagiarism78f. Integrating and Contextualizing Quotations79. Documentation79a. The Name - Page Method (MLA Style)79b. The Name - Date Method (APA Style)79c. The Note Method (Chicago Style)79d. The Number MethodAppendix: Checklists for Use in Revising, Editing, and Proofreading- Omnibus Checklist for Planning and Revising- Specialized Checklist for Writers with English as an Additional LanguageIndex

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