The relationship between constitutionalism and popular sovereignty in the Indian context is the critical focus of this original work in political theory, jurisprudence, and constitutionalism. This intellectually rigorous and elegantly argued book examines fundamental issues about the basic lawof the land. The author contends that it is necessary to go beyond viewing democracy merely as the vesting of fundamental authority in institutions of elected representatives. She examines the founding of the Indian constitution and the emergence of its text in the background of the ideas of leadingconstitutional law theorists, such as Habermas and Ackerman. The author suggests that the constitution can be more meaningfully understood by adopting a more complex concept of democracy-one that is able to distinguish between popular sovereign power in the hands of the people themselves, and in those of their agents in government. She establishes thatunderlying the bedrock doctrine of the basic structure of the constitution, are fundamental questions about the relationship between constitutionalism and popular sovereignty. The text is a conscious effort to institutionalize the country's revolutionary experience during its anti-colonialstruggle.