The Creation of States in International Law

Paperback | March 20, 2007

byJames R. Crawford

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Statehood in the early 21st century remains as much a central problem as it was in 1979 when the first edition of The Creation of States in International Law was published. As Rhodesia, Namibia, the South African Homelands and Taiwan then were subjects of acute concern, today governments,international organizations, and other institutions are seized of such matters as the membership of Cyprus in the European Union, application of the Geneva Conventions to Afghanistan, a final settlement for Kosovo, and, still, relations between China and Taiwan. All of these, and many otherdisputed situations, are inseparable from the nature of statehood and its application in practice.The remarkable increase in the number of States in the 20th century did not abate in the twenty five years following publication of James Crawford's landmark study, which was awarded the American Society of International Law Prize for Creative Scholarship in 1981. The independence of many smallterritories comprising the 'residue' of the European colonial empires alone accounts for a major increase in States since 1979; while the disintegration of Yugoslavia and the USSR in the early 1990s further augmented the ranks. With these developments, the practice of States and internationalorganizations has developed by substantial measure in respect of self-determination, secession, succession, recognition, de-colonization, and several other fields.Addressing such questions as the unification of Germany, the status of Israel and Palestine, and the continuing pressure from non-State groups to attain statehood, even, in cases like Chechnya or Tibet, against the presumptive rights of existing States, James Crawford discusses the relation betweenstatehood and recognition; the criteria for statehood, especially in view of evolving standards of democracy and human rights; and the application of such criteria in international organizations and between states. Also discussed are the mechanisms by which states have been created, includingdevolution and secession, international disposition by major powers or international organizations and the institutions established for Mandated, Trust, and Non-Self-Governing Territories. Combining a general argument as to the normative significance of statehood with analysis of numerous specificcases, this fully revised and expanded second edition gives a comprehensive account of the developments which have led to the birth of so many new states.

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Statehood in the early 21st century remains as much a central problem as it was in 1979 when the first edition of The Creation of States in International Law was published. As Rhodesia, Namibia, the South African Homelands and Taiwan then were subjects of acute concern, today governments,international organizations, and other institut...

James Crawford is the Whewell Professor of International Law at the University of Cambridge, where he is Chair of the Faculty of Law, 2003-06. He was formerly Director of the Lauterpacht Research Centre for International Law, 1995-2003. Before moving to Cambridge in 1992 he was a Member of the Australian Law Reform Commission; from 19...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:944 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 1.61 inPublished:March 20, 2007Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199228426

ISBN - 13:9780199228423

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Table of Contents

I The Concept of Statehood in International Law1. Statehood and Recognition2. The Criteria for Statehood: Statehood as Effectiveness3. International Law Conditions for the Creation of States4. Issues of Statehood Before United Nations Organs5. The Criteria for Statehood Applied: Some Special CasesII Modes of The Creation of States in International Law6. Original Acquisition and Problems of Statehood7. Dependent States and Other Dependent Entities8. Devolution9. Secession10. Divided States and Reunification11. Unions and Federations of StatesIII The Creation of States in International Organizations12. International Dispositive Powers13. Mandates and Trust Territories14. Non-Self-Governing Territories: the Law and Practice of DecolonializationIV Problems of Commencement, Continuity, and Extinction15. The Commencement of States16. Problems of Identity, Continuity and Reversion17. The Extinction of StatesConclusionAppendicesAppendix 1List of States and Territorial Entities Proximate to StatesAppendix 2League Mandates and United Nations TrusteeshipsAppendix 3The United Nations and Non-Self-Governing Territories 1946-2005Appendix 4Consideration by the International Law Commission of the Topic of Statehood (1996)

Editorial Reviews

`This book stands alone in its field. It will be the first point of reference for anyone seeking information or enlightenment on how States have come into being, how they change, and how - sometimes - they disappear. It is an essential.. purchase for all international law and internationalrelations libraries.'Michael Wood, International and Comparative Law Quarterly