As societies are experiencing increasing levels of immigration from contexts outside of the Western, industrialized world, child care programs are experiencing, simultaneously, increasing diversity in enrollment. A question that has been raised by early childhood advocates and practitioners iswhether the former articulations regarding definitions of quality, models of relationships, and peer relations in the child care context are accurate and relevant within the increasing racial, linguistic, and ethnic diversity of the United States.The Culture of Child Care provides a much-needed integration of research pertaining to crucial aspects of early childhood development - attachment in non-familial contexts, peer relations among ethnically and linguistically diverse children, and the developmental importance of child care contextsduring early childhood. This volume highlights the interconnections between these three distinct bodies of research and crosses disciplinary boundaries by linking psychological and educational theories to the improvement of young children's development and experiences within child care. Theimportance of cultural diversity in early childhood is widely acknowledged and discussed, but up until now, there has been little substantive work with a cultural focus on today's educational and early child care settings. This innovative volume will be a unique resource for a wide range of earlychildhood professionals including basic and applied developmental researchers, early childhood educators and advocates, and policymakers.