The Dark Side of Genius: The Melancholic Persona in Art, ca. 1500-1700 by Laurinda S. DixonThe Dark Side of Genius: The Melancholic Persona in Art, ca. 1500-1700 by Laurinda S. Dixon

The Dark Side of Genius: The Melancholic Persona in Art, ca. 1500-1700

byLaurinda S. Dixon

Paperback | February 17, 2015

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In The Dark Side of Genius, Laurinda Dixon examines “melancholia” as a philosophical, medical, and social phenomenon in early modern art. Once considered to have a physical and psychic disorder, the melancholic combined positive aspects of genius and breeding with the negative qualities of depression and obsession. By focusing on four exemplary archetypes—the hermit, lover, scholar, and artist—this study reveals that, despite advances in art and science, the idea of the dispirited intellectual continues to function metaphorically as a locus for society’s fears and tensions.

The Dark Side of Genius uniquely identifies allusions to melancholia in works of art that have never before been interpreted in this way. It is also the first book to integrate visual imagery, music, and literature within the social contexts inhabited by the melancholic personality. By labeling themselves as melancholic, artists created and defined a new elite identity; their self-worth did not depend on noble blood or material wealth, but rather on talent and intellect. By manipulating stylistic elements and iconography, artists from Dürer to Rembrandt appealed to an early modern audience whose gaze was trained to discern the invisible internal self by means of external appearances and allusions. Today the melancholic persona, crafted in response to the alienating and depersonalizing forces of the modern world, persists as an embodiment of withdrawn, introverted genius.

Laurinda S. Dixon is Professor of Art History in the Department of Art and Music Histories at Syracuse University. Laurinda S. Dixon is Professor of Art History in the Department of Art and Music Histories at Syracuse University.
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Title:The Dark Side of Genius: The Melancholic Persona in Art, ca. 1500-1700Format:PaperbackDimensions:264 pages, 10 × 9 × 0.73 inPublished:February 17, 2015Publisher:Penn State University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0271059362

ISBN - 13:9780271059365

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Table of Contents

Contents

List of Illustrations

Acknowledgments

Introduction: The Problem of Melancholia

1 Saturn’s Privileged Realm: Meaning and Melancholy

2 Privileged Piety: Religious Melancholy

3 Privileged Passion: Love Melancholy

4 Privileged Work: Scholarly Melancholy

5 A Privileged Profession: Artists and Melancholy

6 Wine, Women, and Song: Melancholy Mediated

Epilogue: Melancholia Denied and Revived

Appendix: Medical Dissertations on Melancholia and Related Subjects, ca. 1590–1750

Notes

Bibliography

Index

Editorial Reviews

“The blend of medical, literary, and art-historical learning and lore underpinning Dixon’s analysis of this topic is typical of the interdisciplinary erudition demonstrated in this lucid and engaging study.”

—Stephanie S. Dickey, CAA.Reviews