The Dawn of Conservation Diplomacy: U.S.-Canadian Wildlife Protection Treaties in the Progressive…

Paperback | February 11, 2010

byKurkpatrick DorseyForeword byWilliam Cronon

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In the first decades of the twentieth century, fish in the Great Lakes and Puget Sound, seals in the North Pacific, and birds across North America faced a common threat: over harvesting that threatened extinction for many species. Progressive era conservationists saw a need for government intervention to protect threatened animals. And because so many species migrated across international political boundaries, their protectors saw the necessity of international conservation agreements. In The Dawn of Conservation Diplomacy, Kurkpatrick Dorsey examines the first three comprehensive wildlife conservation treaties in history, all between the United States and Canada: the Inland Fisheries Treaty of 1908, the North Pacific Fur Seal Convention of 1911, and the Migratory Bird Treaty of 1916.

In his highly readable text, Dorsey argues that successful conservation treaties came only after conservationists learned to marshal scientific evidence, public sentiment, and economic incentives in their campaigns for protective legislation. The first treaty, intended to rescue the overfished boundary waters, failed to gain the necessary support and never became law. Despite scientific evidence of the need for conservation, politicians, and the general public were unable to counter the vocal opposition of fishermen across the continent. A few years later, conservationists successfully rallied popular sympathy for fur seals threatened with slaughter and the North Pacific Fur Seal Convention was adopted. By the time of the Migratory Bird Treaty of 1916, the importance of aesthetic appeal was clear: North American citizens were joining chapters of the Audubon Society in efforts to protect beautiful songbirds. Conservationists also presented economic evidence to support their efforts as they argued that threatened bird species provided invaluable service to farmers.

Dorsey recounts the story of each of these early treaties, examining the scientific research that provided the basis for each effort, acknowledging the complexity of the issues, and presenting the personalities behind the politics. He argues that these decades-old treaties both directly affect us today and offer lessons for future conservation efforts.

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In the first decades of the twentieth century, fish in the Great Lakes and Puget Sound, seals in the North Pacific, and birds across North America faced a common threat: over harvesting that threatened extinction for many species. Progressive era conservationists saw a need for government intervention to protect threatened animals. And...

From the Jacket

In the early 20th century, fish in the Great Lakes and Puget Sound, seals in the North Pacific, and birds across North America faced a common threat: overharvesting that threatened extinction for many species. Progressive era conservationists saw the need for government intervention, and the necessity of international agreements. This ...

Kurkpatrick Dorsey is associate professor of history at the University of New Hampshire.

other books by Kurkpatrick Dorsey

The Dawn of Conservation Diplomacy: U.S.-Canadian Wildlife Protection Treaties in the Progressive…
The Dawn of Conservation Diplomacy: U.S.-Canadian Wildl...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:328 pages, 9.02 × 6.03 × 0.84 inPublished:February 11, 2010Publisher:UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON PRESSLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0295990031

ISBN - 13:9780295990033

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Table of Contents

Foreword by William CrononAcknowledgmentsIntroduction: The Intersection of Diplomacy and ConservationPART ONE: THE INLAND FISHERIES TREATYA Problem of Scale, 1892-1897The Jordon Rules, 1898-1909The One That Got Away, 1909-1914PART TWO: THE NORTH PACIFIC FUR SEAL CONVENTIONConflict in the Bering Sea, 1886-1899Conciliation and Conservation, 1900-1912PART THREE: THE MIGRATORY BIRD TREATYOf Mallards and Men, 1883-1913Coordinating Science, Diplomacy, and Public Relations, 1913-1916Protecting the National Interest, 1916-1920Epilogue: Implications of the Progressive TreatiesNotesBibliographyIndex

Editorial Reviews

A well-researched and well-written account of an important early chapter in international wildlife preservation of interest not only to environmental historians but anyone interested in the contemporary problems of international cooperation for environmental preservation.

- Tom Dunlap, author of Saving America's Wildlife