The Debt Of Tears: The Story Of The Stone, Chapters 81-98

Paperback | December 16, 1982

byJohn Cao Xueqin, John Gao ETranslated byJohn Minford

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The Story of the Stone (c. 1760), also known by the title of The Dream of the Red Chamber, is the great novel of manners in Chinese literature.

Divided into five volumes, of which The Debt of Tears is the fourth, The Story of the Stone charts the glory and decline of the illustrious Jia family (a story which closely accords with the fortunes of the author's own family). The two main characters, Bao-yu and Dai-yu, are set against a rich tapestry of humour, realistic detail and delicate poetry, which accurately reflects the ritualized hurly-burly of Chinese family life. But over and above the novel hangs the constant reminder that there is another plane of existence - a theme which affirms the Buddhist belief in a supernatural scheme of things.

For more than seventy years, Penguin has been the leading publisher of classic literature in the English-speaking world. With more than 1,700 titles, Penguin Classics represents a global bookshelf of the best works throughout history and across genres and disciplines. Readers trust the series to provide authoritative texts enhanced by introductions and notes by distinguished scholars and contemporary authors, as well as up-to-date translations by award-winning translators.

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From Our Editors

 The Story of the Stone is an epic work of Chinese literature that charts the glory and decline of the illustrious Jia family. In The Debt of Tears, the fourth volume in the story, Bao-yu and Dai-you hang on the dividing line between the two planes of existence, one that constantly reminds them that they are all subject to the supernat...

From the Publisher

The Story of the Stone (c. 1760), also known by the title of The Dream of the Red Chamber, is the great novel of manners in Chinese literature. Divided into five volumes, of which The Debt of Tears is the fourth, The Story of the Stone charts the glory and decline of the illustrious Jia family (a story which closely accords with the fo...

From the Jacket

The Story of the Stone (c. 1760), also known by the title of The Dream of the Red Chamber, is the great novel of manners in Chinese literature.Divided into five volumes, of which The Debt of Tears is the fourth, it charts the glory and decline of the illustrious Jia family (a story which closely accords with the fortunes of the author’...

Cao Xueqin (1715-63) was born into a family which for three generations held the office of Commissioner of Imperial Textiles in Nanking, a family so wealthy they were able to entertain the Emperor four times. However, calamity overtook them and their property was consfiscated. Cao Xueqin was living in poverty when he wrote his famous...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:400 pages, 7.79 × 5.09 × 0.92 inPublished:December 16, 1982Publisher:Penguin Publishing GroupLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0140443711

ISBN - 13:9780140443714

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Table of Contents

The Story of the Stone: Volume 4Note on Spelling
Preface

Chapter 81:
Four young ladies go fishing and divine the future; Bao-yu receives a homily and is re-enrolled in the Family School

Chapter 82:
An old pedant tries to instil some Moral Philosophy into his incorrigible pupil; And the ailing Naiad, in a nightmare, confronts the spectres of her fevered mind.

Chapter 83:
An Indisposition in the Imperial Bedchamber calls for a Family Visitation; While insubordination in the inner apartments reveals Bao-chai's long-suffering nature

Chapter 84:
Bao-yu is given an impromptu examination, and his betrothal is discussed for the first time; Jia Huan visits a convulsive child, and old hostilites are resumed

Chapter 85:
It is announced that Jia Zheng has been promoted to the rank of Permanent Secretary; And it is discovered that Xue Pan has once more brought upon himself the threat of exile

Chapter 86:
Bribery induces an old mandarin to tamper with the course of justice; And a discourse on the Qin provides a young lady with a vehicle for romantic feelings

Chapter 87:
Autumnal sounds combine with sad remembrances to inspire a composition on the Qin; And a flood of passion allows evil spirits to disturb the serenity of Zen

Chapter 88:
Bao-yu gratifies his grandmother by praising a fatherless child; Cousin Zhen rectifies family discipline by chastising two unruly servants

Chapter 89:
Our hero sees the handiwork of a departed love, and is moved to write and ode; Frowner falls prey to hysterical fear and resolves to starve to death

Chapter 90:
A poor girl loses a padded jacket and puts up with some obstreperous behaviour; A young man accepts a tray of sweetmeats and is put out by some devious goings-on

Chapter 91:
In the pursuance of lust, Moonbeam evolves an artful strategem; In a flight of Zen, Bao-yu makes an enigmatic confession

Chapter 92:
Qiao-jie studies the Lives of Noble Women and shows a precocious enthusiasm for Virtue; Jia Zheng admires a Mother Pearl and reflect on the vicissitudes of Life

Chapter 93:
A Zhen retainer seeks shelter in the Jia household; And shady activities are revealed behind the Iron Threshold

Chapter 94:
Grandmother Jia gives a crab-blossom party - a celebration of the ominous; Bao-yu loses his Magic Jade - a strange disappearance of the numinous

Chapter 95:
A rumour comes true and the Imperial Consort passes away; A counterfeit is deceptively like the real thing, and Bao-yu loses his wits

Chapter 96:
Xi-feng conceives an ingenious plan of deception; And Frowner is deranged by an inadvertent disclosure

Chapter 97:
Lin Dai-yu burns her poems to signal the end of her heart's folly; And Xue Bao-chai leaves home to take part in a solemn rite

Chapter 98:
Crimson Pearl's suffering spirit returns to the Realm of Separation; And the convalescent Stone-in-waiting weeps at the scene of past affection

Appendix I:
Prefaces to the first Cheng-Gao edition Joint Foreword to the subsequent Cheng-Gao edition

Appendix II:
The Octopartite Composition or 'bagu wenzhang'

Appendix III:
The Qin or Chinese Lute, and Knowing the Sound

Appendix IV:
Iron Threshold Temple and Water-moon Priory

Characters in Volume 4
Genealogical Tables

From Our Editors

 The Story of the Stone is an epic work of Chinese literature that charts the glory and decline of the illustrious Jia family. In The Debt of Tears, the fourth volume in the story, Bao-yu and Dai-you hang on the dividing line between the two planes of existence, one that constantly reminds them that they are all subject to the supernatural scheme of things. Written with rich detail in a poetic style, the novel communicates the essence of traditional Chinese family life in the 18th century.