The Development of Ethics, Volume 3: From Kant to Rawls

Hardcover | October 10, 2009

byTerence Irwin

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This book is a selective historical and critical study of moral philosophy in the Socratic tradition, with special attention to Aristotelian naturalism. It discusses the main topics of moral philosophy as they have developed historically, including: the human good, human nature, justice,friendship, and morality; the methods of moral inquiry; the virtues and their connexions; will, freedom, and responsibility; reason and emotion; relativism, subjectivism, and realism; the theological aspect of morality. The first volume discusses ancient and mediaeval moral philosophy. The secondvolume examines early modern moral philosophy from the 16th to the 18th century. This third volume continues the story up to Rawls's Theory of Justice.A comparison between the Kantian and the Aristotelian outlook is one central theme of the third volume. The chapters on Kant compare Kant both with his rationalist and empiricist predecessors and with the Aristotelian naturalist tradition. Reactions to Kant are traced through Hegel, Schopenhauer,Nietzsche, and Kierkegaard. Utilitarian and idealist approaches to Kantian and Aristotelian views are traced through Sidgwick, Bradley, and Green. Mill and Sidgwick provide a link between 18th-century rationalism and sentimentalism and the 20th-century debates in the metaphysics and epistemology ofmorality. These debates are explored in Moore, Ross, Stevenson, Hare, C.I. Lewis, Heidegger, and in some more recent meta-ethical discussion. This volume concludes with a discussion of Rawls, with special emphasis on a comparison of his position with utilitarianism, intuitionism, Kantianism,naturalism, and idealism.Since this book seeks to be not only descriptive and exegetical, but also philosophical, it discusses the comparative merits of different views, the difficulties that they raise, and how some of the difficulties might be resolved. It presents the leading moral philosophers of the past asparticipants in a rational discussion in which the contemporary reader can participate.

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This book is a selective historical and critical study of moral philosophy in the Socratic tradition, with special attention to Aristotelian naturalism. It discusses the main topics of moral philosophy as they have developed historically, including: the human good, human nature, justice,friendship, and morality; the methods of moral in...

Terence Irwin is Professor of Ancient Philosophy in the University of Oxford and a Fellow of Keble College. From 1975 to 2006 he taught at Cornell University.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:1056 pages, 9.69 × 6.73 × 2.46 inPublished:October 10, 2009Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199571783

ISBN - 13:9780199571789

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Table of Contents

66. Kant: Practical Laws67. Kant: From Practical Laws to Morality68. Kant: Some objections and replies69. Kant: Freedom70. Kant: From Freedom to Morality71. Kant: Morality and the good72. Kant: Meta-ethical questions73. Hegel: History and Theory74. Hegel: Morality and beyond75. Marx and Idealist Moral Theory76. Schopenhauer77. Kierkegaard78. Nietzsche79. Mill: Earlier Utilitarianism and its Critics80. Mill: A revised version of utilitarianism81. Sidgwick: Methods and Sources82. Sidgwick: The Examination of Methods83. Sidgwick's Axioms of Morality84. Bradley85. Green86. Moore87. Ross88. Logical Empiricism and Emotivism89. Lewis90. Hare: A defence of non-cognitivism91. Existentialism92. Revivals of Non-Cognitivism93. Objectivity and its Critics94. Versions of Naturalism95. Rawls: The just, the fair, and the right96. Rawls: The right and the good