The Development of Ethics: Volume 2: From Suarez to Rousseau

Paperback | September 1, 2011

byTerence Irwin

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The Development of Ethics is a selective historical and critical study of moral philosophy in the Socratic tradition, with special attention to Aristotelian naturalism. It discusses the main topics of moral philosophy as they have developed historically, including: the human good, humannature, justice, friendship, and morality; the methods of moral inquiry; the virtues and their connexions; will, freedom, and responsibility; reason and emotion; relativism, subjectivism, and realism; the theological aspect of morality. This volume examines early modern moral philosophy from thesixteenth to the eighteenth century. Volume 3 will continue the story up to Rawls's Theory of Justice. The present volume begins with Suarez's interpretation of Scholastic moral philosophy, and examines seventeenth- and eighteenth- century responses to the Scholastic outlook, to see how far they constitute a distinctively different conception of moral philosophy. The treatments of natural law byGrotius, Hobbes, Cumberland, and Pufendorf are treated in some detail. Disputes about moral facts, moral judgments, and moral motivation, are traced through Cudworth, Clarke, Balguy, Hutcheson, Hume, Price, and Reid. Butler's defence of a naturalist account of morality is examined and compared withthe Aristotelian and Scholastic views discussed in Volume 1. The volume ends with a survey of the persistence of voluntarism in English moral philosophy, and a brief discussion of the contrasts and connexions between Rousseau and earlier views on natural law. The emphasis of the book is not purely descriptive, narrative, or exegetical, but also philosophical. Irwin discusses the comparative merits of different views, the difficulties that they raise, and how some of the difficulties might be resolved. The book tries to present the leading moralphilosophers of the past as participants in a rational discussion that is still being carried on, and tries to help the reader to participate in this discussion.

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The Development of Ethics is a selective historical and critical study of moral philosophy in the Socratic tradition, with special attention to Aristotelian naturalism. It discusses the main topics of moral philosophy as they have developed historically, including: the human good, humannature, justice, friendship, and morality; the met...

Terence Irwin is a Professor of Ancient Philosophy at the University of Oxford, and Fellow of Keble College.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:936 pages, 9.69 × 6.73 × 1.85 inPublished:September 1, 2011Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199693862

ISBN - 13:9780199693863

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Table of Contents

30. Suarez: law and obligation31. Suarez: naturalism32. Natural law and 'modern' moral philosophy33. Grotius34. Hobbes: Motives and Reasons35. Hobbes: from Human Nature to Morality36. Hobbes: morality37. Spinoza38. The 'British Moralists'39. Cumberland and Maxwell40. Cudworth41. Locke and Natural Law42. Pufendorf43. Leibniz: Naturalism and Eudaemonism44. Pufendorf and Natural Law45. Shaftesbury46. Clarke47. Hutcheson: For and Against Moral Realism48. Hutcheson: For and Against Utilitarianism49. Balguy: a Defence of Rationalism50. Balguy and Clarke: Morality and Natural Theology51. Butler: Nature52. Butler: Superior Principles53. Butler: Naturalism and Morality54. Butler: Implications of Naturalism55. Hume: Nature56. Hume: Passion and Reason57. Hume: Errors of Objectivism58. Hume: the moral sense59. Hume: the Virtues60. Smith61. Price62. Reid: action and will63. Reid: knowledge and morality64. Voluntarism, egoism, and utilitarianism65. Rousseau