The Dynamics of Industrial Clustering: International Comparisons in Computing and Biotechnology

Hardcover | March 1, 1998

EditorG. M. Peter Swann, Martha Prevezer, David Stout

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Why do firms in high technology industries cluster at particular locations? Do firms grow faster at such locations and are disproportionately more new firms created in clusters? The contributors to this volume establish that new firms in computing and biotechnology have been attracted toparticular sites by the presence of opportunities not taken up by incumbent firms. These opportunities arise when the cluster is strong in a mix of industrial sectors and in its science base. By contrast, incumbent firms benefit from locating in clusters that are strong in their own industrialsector, but tend to miss out on opportunities that arise too far from their immediate sphere. This book compares the clustering process in the UK and the US in both computing and biotechnology. There are surprisingly similar tendencies towards clustering in both industries, though different structures and scale of the industries contribute to slower growth rates in the UK. There are otherconditionsco-operation, critical mass in RandD, networking across disciplinesthat are lacking in the UK, and these hinder cluster formation and growth. Policy needs to focus on infrastructure in particular regions, building on existing resources and specialisms, and it needs to support those features of a cluster that attract new resources to a region.

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Why do firms in high technology industries cluster at particular locations? Do firms grow faster at such locations and are disproportionately more new firms created in clusters? The contributors to this volume establish that new firms in computing and biotechnology have been attracted toparticular sites by the presence of opportunities...

Peter Swann is the European Managing Editor of the journal, Economics of Innovation and New Technology

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:358 pages, 8.5 × 5.43 × 0.91 inPublished:March 1, 1998Publisher:Oxford University Press

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198289596

ISBN - 13:9780198289593

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Table of Contents

1. G. M. Peter Swann and Martha Prevezer: Introduction2. Rui Baptista: Clusters, Innovation, and Growth: A Survey of the Literature3. G. M. Peter Swann: Towards a Model of Clustering in High-Technology Industries4. G. M. Peter Swann: Clusters in the US Computing Industry5. Rui Baptista and G. M. Peter Swann: Clustering Dynamics in the UK Computer Industries: A Comparison with the USA6. Martha Prevezer: Clustering in Biotechnology in the USA7. Simon Shohet: Clustering and UK Biotechnology8. Martha Prevezer: Comparison and Interaction between Computing and Biotechnology9. Paul Temple: Clusters and Competitiveness: A Policy Perspective10. G. M. Peter Swann and Martha Prevezer: ConclusionsReferences