The Early American Republic: A History in Documents

Paperback | November 12, 2010

byReeve Huston

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The early years of the American republic witnessed wrenching conflict and change. Northerners created an industrial order, which brought with it new relationships and conflicts at work and within families. Plantation slavery flourished and spread in the South as a powerful anti-slaverymovement took root in the North. Farmers, entrepreneurs, planters, and slaves moved west, sparking widespread conflict with Indians and among white Americans. Numerous groups - African Americans, poor white men, women - fought for citizenship and recognition as equals to other Americans, whileothers opposed their bids for equality. Ordinary citizens fought for the right to participate in politics and, in the process, helped to create a democratic political order.Featuring diaries, letters, speeches, newspaper debates, and memoirs of participants, The Early American Republic: A History in Documents recreates the conflicts and changes of that era. Rebecca Burlend recounts the hardships and victories of life on the Illinois frontier. In a letter to an ally,Thomas Jefferson explains his Indian policy. The Native American leader Tecumseh makes his case for Indian unity against white Americans. James Henry Hammond, a wealthy planter, instructs his overseer on how to manage slaves. Joseph Taper writes his former master about the freedom he enjoys afterescaping to Canada. A blackface minstrel tune and Frederick Douglass's account of being beaten up by white ship workers narrate the entrenchment of racism. A list of instructions from New York Democratic leaders shows how parties drew ordinary voters into politics. Congressional speeches reveal theviolent emotions that fueled the sectional crisis.Author Reeve Huston provides students with a context for understanding the documents and leaves them to interpret events and ideas for themselves. Introducing students to the human drama and to the political, social, and religious passions of the early republic, The Early American Republic: AHistory in Documents provides a deeper understanding of the foundational years of the nation.

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The early years of the American republic witnessed wrenching conflict and change. Northerners created an industrial order, which brought with it new relationships and conflicts at work and within families. Plantation slavery flourished and spread in the South as a powerful anti-slaverymovement took root in the North. Farmers, entrepren...

Reeve Huston is Associate Professor of History at Duke University. He is the author of Land and Freedom: Rural Society, Popular Protest, and Party Politics in Antebellum New York (OUP, 2002), which was the winner of the 2001 Theodore Saloutos Prize of the Agricultural History Society and the New York State Historical Association's 199...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:240 pages, 10 × 8 × 0.68 inPublished:November 12, 2010Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195338243

ISBN - 13:9780195338249

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Table of Contents

What Is a Document?How to Read a DocumentIntroductionNot on Sources and Interpretation1. The People Rule, But Who Are the People?The Founders' Social VisionPoor White Men's Bid for EqualityMiddle- and Upper-Class Women's Bid for Intellectual EqualityThe Attack on Slavery2. Creating a Political OrderThe Federalists' Political VisionAn Elite Opposition EmergesA Popular Opposition EmergesThe Clash of PartiesPresident Jefferson3. Expanding the National TerritoryAcquiring the LandIndians, White Settlers, and the Federal GovernmentSquatters and the Federal GovernmentLife in the Western Farm SettlementsExpanding SlaveryBeyond the Mississippi4. The Transformation of the NorthBefore the Industrial RevolutionEconomic InnovatorsReligious InnovatorsInnovators in Family LifeA New World of Wage LaborOrigins of the American Labor MovementThe Beginnings of Mass Immigration5. Masters and SlavesThe Struggle for ControlThe World of the EnslavedResistance, Repression, and Rebellion6. Picture Essay: Picturing Families7. The Triumph of Partisan DemocracyCreating a White Male ElectorateRe-creating Party PoliticsParty Issues, Party PrinciplesPolitics without Parties8. Race, Reform, and Sectional ConflictA New Anti-Slavery MovementThe Re-emergence of American FeminismA Woman's Rights Movement EmergesSouthern Leaders Defend SlaveryAnti-Abolitionism and a New Racial Regime in the NorthEpilogue: Becoming a Continental NationRefiguring American NationalismAnglos and Mexicans in the Conquered TerritoriesThe Sectional Conflict DeepensTimelineFurther ReadingWebsitesText CreditsPicture CreditsIndex