The Earth's Hydrological Cycle by L. BengtssonThe Earth's Hydrological Cycle by L. Bengtsson

The Earth's Hydrological Cycle

byL. BengtssonEditorR.-M. Bonnet, M. Calisto

Hardcover | June 17, 2014

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This book gives a comprehensive presentation of our present understanding of the Earth's Hydrological cycle and the problems, consequences and impacts that go with this topic. Water is a central component in the Earth's system. It is indispensable for life on Earth in its present form and influences virtually every aspect of our planet's life support system. On relatively short time scales, atmospheric water vapor interacts with the atmospheric circulation and is crucial in forming the Earth's climate zones. Water vapor is the most powerful of the greenhouse gases and serves to enhance the tropospheric temperature. The dominant part of available water on Earth resides in the oceans. Parts are locked up in the land ice on Greenland and Antarctica and a smaller part is estimated to exist as groundwater. If all the ice over the land and all the glaciers were to melt, the sea level would rise by some 80 m. In comparison, the total amount of water vapor in the atmosphere is small; it amounts to2, or the equivalent of 25 mm water for each column of air. Yet atmospheric water vapor is crucial for the Earth's energy balance. The book gives an up to date presentation of the present knowledge.

Previously published in Surveys in Geophysics, Volume 35, No. 3, 2014
Title:The Earth's Hydrological CycleFormat:HardcoverDimensions:409 pagesPublished:June 17, 2014Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:9401787883

ISBN - 13:9789401787888

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Table of Contents

Foreword: International Space Science Institute (ISSI) Workshop on the Earth's Hydrological Cycle
L. Bengtsson


GENERAL SCIENTIFIC OVERVIEW

Review of Understanding of Earth's Hydrological Cycle: Observations, Theory
and Modelling
M. Rast - J. Johannessen - W. Mauser

Challenges and Opportunities in Water Cycle Research: WCRP Contributions
K.E. Trenberth - G.R. Asrar


ATMOSPHERE

Physically Consistent Responses of the Global Atmospheric Hydrological Cycle in Models and Observations
R.P. Allan - C. Liu - M. Zahn - D.A. Lavers - E. Koukouvagias - A. Bodas-Salcedo

Quantifying and Reducing Uncertainty in the Large-Scale Response of the Water Cycle
G.M. Martin


LAND SURFACES

Connecting Satellite Observations with Water Cycle Variables Through Land Data
Assimilation: Examples Using the NASA GEOS-5 LDAS
R.H. Reichle - G.J.M. De Lannoy - B.A. Forman - C.S. Draper - Q. Liu

Initialisation of Land Surface Variables for Numerical Weather Prediction
P. de Rosnay - G. Balsamo - C. Albergel - J. Muñoz-Sabater - L. Isaksen

Closing the Gaps in Our Knowledge of the Hydrological Cycle over Land: Conceptual Problems
W.A. Lahoz - G.J.M. De Lannoy


OCEANS

Toward Improved Estimation of the Dynamic Topography and Ocean Circulation in the High Latitude and Arctic Ocean: The Importance of GOCE
J.A. Johannessen - R.P. Raj - J.E.Ø. Nilsen - T. Pripp - P. Knudsen - F. Counillon - D. Stammer - L. Bertino - O.B. Andersen - N. Serra - N. Koldunov

Sea Surface Salinity Observations from Space with the SMOS Satellite: A New Means to Monitor the Marine Branch of the Water Cycle
N. Reul - S. Fournier - J. Boutin - O. Hernandez - C. Maes - B. Chapron - G. Alory - Y. Quilfen - J. Tenerelli - S. Morisset - Y. Kerr - S. Mecklenburg - S. Delwart

Role of Ocean in the Variability of Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall
P.V. Joseph

METHODS AND PROCESS STUDIES

Perspectives in Modelling Climate-Hydrology Interactions
S. Hagemann - T. Blome - F. Saeed - T. Stacke

Downscaling Satellite Precipitation with Emphasis on Extremes: A Variational _1-Norm Regularization in the Derivative Domain
E. Foufoula-Georgiou - A.M. Ebtehaj - S.Q. Zhang - A.Y. Hou

Global Snow Mass Measurements and the Effect of Stratigraphic Detail on Inversion of Microwave Brightness Temperatures
M. Richardson - I. Davenport - R. Gurney

Glaciers in the Earth's Hydrological Cycle: Assessments of Glacier Mass and Runoff Changes on Global and Regional Scales
V. Radic´ - R. Hock

Observing Global Surface Water Flood Dynamics
P.D. Bates - J.C. Neal - D. Alsdorf - G.J.-P. Schumann


APPLICATIONS

Arctic Climate and Water Change: Model and Observation Relevance for Assessment
and Adaptation
A. Bring - G. Destouni

Irrigation Effects on Hydro-Climatic Change: Basin-Wise Water Balance-Constrained Quantification and Cross-Regional Comparison
S.M. Asokan - G. Destouni