The Economics of the Global Response to HIV/AIDS

Hardcover | July 16, 2016

byMarkus Haacker

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The global response to HIV/AIDS has been a major aspect of global health and development policy over the last three decades. The book illustrates the devastating health impacts of the epidemic, with life expectancy in some countries falling to the lowest levels observed anywhere, and theremarkable success of the global HIV/AIDS response in reversing such extreme outcomes.Concerns about the implications of HIV/AIDS for economic development have played a role in motivating the global HIV/AIDS response. However, evidence on the impacts of HIV/AIDS on economic growth or poverty is weak, and the magnitude and relevance of such economic effects appears trivial compared tothe consequences for life and health.Because of the success in extending access to treatment globally, HIV/AIDS has effectively transitioned into a chronic disease. This means that HIV/AIDS absorbs not only a substantial chunk of current global and national financial resources, but that these spending needs are projected to persistover decades. The costs of the HIV/AIDS response thus resemble a long-term financial liability, shaped by past and current policies.Relatedly, the calculus of cost-effectiveness of HIV/AIDS interventions has changed. People who become infected with HIV can now expect to not die because of AIDS; at the same time, each HIV infection results in medical needs and expenditures extending over decades. The book presents a framework forintegrating these financial consequences and the transmission dynamics of HIV in the analysis of cost-effectiveness of HIV/AIDS interventions and in the design of HIV/AIDS programs.

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The global response to HIV/AIDS has been a major aspect of global health and development policy over the last three decades. The book illustrates the devastating health impacts of the epidemic, with life expectancy in some countries falling to the lowest levels observed anywhere, and theremarkable success of the global HIV/AIDS respons...

Markus Haacker is an economist working at the intersections of macroeconomics, global health, public finance, and economic development. He is a Visiting Scientist at the Harvard School of Public Health, has worked for the International Monetary Fund and as a consultant for the World Bank and UNAIDS, and holds a PhD in Economics from th...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:304 pagesPublished:July 16, 2016Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198718047

ISBN - 13:9780198718048

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Table of Contents

1. IntroductionPart I: The Global Impact of HIV/AIDS2. Health Impacts of HIV/AIDS3. Impact on Individuals and Households4. Macroeconomic Consequences of HIV/AIDSPart II. The Global Response to HIV/AIDS5. History and State of the Global Response to HIV/AIDS6. Impact of the Global Response to HIV/AIDSPart III: Design and Financing of HIV/AIDS Policies7. Current Policy Challenges and Economic Perspectives8. Cost-Effectiveness of HIV/AIDS Programs9. Cost-Effectiveness of HIV/AIDS Interventions10. Optimal HIV/AIDS Spending Allocations11. Sustainable Domestic Financing12. Concluding Notes