The Emergence Of Tropical Medicine In France

Hardcover | March 24, 2014

byMichael A. Osborne

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The Emergence of Tropical Medicine in France examines the turbulent history of the ideas, people, and institutions of French colonial and tropical medicine from their early modern origins through World War I. Until the 1890s colonial medicine was in essence naval medicine, taught almost exclusively in a system of provincial medical schools built by the navy in the port cities of Brest, Rochefort-sur-Mer, Toulon, and Bordeaux. Michael A. Osborne draws out this separate species of French medicine by examining the histories of these schools and other institutions in the regional and municipal contexts of port life. Each site was imbued with its own distinct sensibilities regarding diet, hygiene, ethnicity, and race, all of which shaped medical knowledge and practice in complex and heretofore unrecognized ways.
           
Osborne argues that physicians formulated localized concepts of diseases according to specific climatic and meteorological conditions, and assessed, diagnosed, and treated patients according to their ethnic and cultural origins. He also demonstrates that regions, more so than a coherent nation, built the empire and specific medical concepts and practices. Thus, by considering tropical medicine’s distinctive history, Osborne brings to light a more comprehensive and nuanced view of French medicine, medical geography, and race theory, all the while acknowledging the navy’s crucial role in combating illness and investigating the racial dimensions of health.

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The Emergence of Tropical Medicine in France examines the turbulent history of the ideas, people, and institutions of French colonial and tropical medicine from their early modern origins through World War I. Until the 1890s colonial medicine was in essence naval medicine, taught almost exclusively in a system of provincial medical sch...

Michael A. Osborne is professor of history at Oregon State University and the author of Nature, the Exotic, and the Science of French Colonialism. He lives in Corvallis, OR.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:328 pages, 9 × 6 × 0.9 inPublished:March 24, 2014Publisher:University Of Chicago PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:022611452X

ISBN - 13:9780226114521

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Extra Content

Table of Contents

List of Abbreviations

Introduction: Place, Medicine, and the Colonial Situation

One. Emplacements: Medicine, the Navy, and the Enlightenment Heritage

Two. A Medicine and Hygiene of Place

Three. Medical Constructions of Race: Biological Determinism and Anthropological Pluralism

Four. Belligerence, Bombs, and Bordeaux: A New Place for Naval and Colonial Medicine

Five. The Emergence of Colonial Medicine in Marseille

S. Colonial Medicine at the Paris Faculty of Medicine

Conclusion

Acknowledgments

Notes

Bibliography

Index

Editorial Reviews

“Deeply researched in a dozen archives, this concise book shows how nineteenth-century French naval and colonial medicine came to grips with an expanding empire and its bewildering assortment of peoples, places, and diseases. Osborne combines the study of institutions, individuals, and ideas into an elegant essay that everyone interested in the history of disease, health, and medicine will want to read.”