The Essentials of Good Teaching

Paperback | February 1, 2012

byEdwin Arthur Turner

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1920. Excerpt: ... CHAPTER XV GROWTH AND APPLICATION OF OBJECTIVE STANDARDS Classes of Objective Standards.--Objective standards fall roughly into two classes: standardized scores and standardized scales. A standardized score is the median score of all the individual scores made upon a carefully graded test, by a highly selected and widely distributed group of pupils. For example, the median score made on a special test in arithmetic by eighth-grade pupils in many villages and cities of several states is a standardized score. A standardized scale is one composed of a graded series of pupils' contributions each of which has been given a value relative to one whose value has been arbitrarily fixed. Usually the contribution with the arbitrarily fixed value is at the top or bottom of the scale. The Ayres Handwriting Scale is a standardized scale. The Thorndike Drawing Scale and the Harvard-Newton Composition Scales are standardized scales also. These scales were determined by arbitrarily fixing the value of one or two contributions and then proportioning the other values in the order of their relative merit. Objective standards generally have been called "tests" or "scales." Since a "scale" is also a test, it is evident that "score" is more descriptive of the fact than "test." For this reason the classification used here consists of scores and scales, respectively. Origin of Objective Standards.--Dr. J. M. Rice is the father of objective standards in America. Zealous for better opportunities for the child, enthused by his psychological studies at Jena and Leipsic, free from prejudices which sometimes result from a limited experience in teaching, he set for his task the exposition of certain evils which he conceived to exist in the public schools. Consequently from 1891 to 1896 ...

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1920. Excerpt: ... CHAPTER XV GROWTH AND APPLICATION OF OBJECTIVE STANDARDS Classes of Objective Standards.--Objective standards fall roughly int...

Format:PaperbackDimensions:72 pages, 9.69 × 7.44 × 0.15 inPublished:February 1, 2012Publisher:General Books LLCLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0217889638

ISBN - 13:9780217889636

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