The Evolution of Memory Systems: Ancestors, Anatomy, and Adaptations

Hardcover | December 10, 2016

byElizabeth Murray, Steven Wise, Kim Graham

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Current theories about human memory have been shaped by clinical observations and animal experiments. This doctrine holds that the medial temporal lobe subserves one memory system for explicit or declarative memories, while the basal ganglia subserves a separate memory system for implicit orprocedural memories, including habits. Cortical areas outside the medial temporal lobe are said to function in perception, motor control, attention, or other aspects of executive function, but not in memory. The Evolution of Memory Systems advances dramatically different ideas on all counts. It proposes that several memory systems arose during evolution and that they did so for the same general reason: to transcend problems and exploit opportunities encountered by specific ancestors at particular timesand places in the distant past. Instead of classifying cortical areas in terms of mutually exclusive perception, executive, or memory functions, the authors show that all cortical areas contribute to memory and that they do so in their own ways - using specialized neural representations. The book also presents a proposal on theevolution of explicit memory. According to this idea, explicit (declarative) memory depends on interactions between a phylogenetically ancient navigation system and a representational system that evolved in humans to represent one's self and others. As a result, people embed representations ofthemselves into the events they experience and the facts they learn, which leads to the perception of participating in events and knowing facts.The Evolution of Memory Systems is an important new work for students and researchers in neuroscience, psychology, and biology.

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Current theories about human memory have been shaped by clinical observations and animal experiments. This doctrine holds that the medial temporal lobe subserves one memory system for explicit or declarative memories, while the basal ganglia subserves a separate memory system for implicit orprocedural memories, including habits. Cortic...

Elisabeth A. (Betsy) Murray was raised with her three brothers in Syracuse, New York. She received a B.S. in Biology from Bucknell University in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania and a Ph.D. in Physiology from the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Texas. Dr. Murray is an elected Fellow of the Association for Psychological Science,...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:512 pages, 9.69 × 6.73 × 0.98 inPublished:December 10, 2016Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199686432

ISBN - 13:9780199686438

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Table of Contents

List of abbreviationsGlossaryEpigraphPart I. Foundations of memory systems1. The history of memory systems2. The history of the brainPart II. Architecture of vertebrate memory3. The reinforcement memory systems of early animals4. The navigation memory system of early vertebrates5. The biased-competition memory system of early mammalsPart III. Primate augmentations6. The manual-foraging memory system of early primates7. The feature memory system of anthropoids8. The goal memory system of anthropoidsPart IV. Hominin adaptations9. The goal and feature memory systems of hominins10. The social-subjective memory system of hominins11. The origin of explicit memory in homininsPart V. Deconstructing and reconstructing memory systems12. Deconstructing amnesia13. Reconstructing memory's pastEpilogueIndex