The Evolution of Organ Systems by Andreas Schmidt-Rhaesa

The Evolution of Organ Systems

byAndreas Schmidt-Rhaesa

Paperback | August 30, 2007

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Systematics has developed rapidly during the past two decades. A multitude of new methods and contributions from a diversity of biological fields including molecular genetics and developmental biology have provided a wealth of phylogenetic hypotheses, some confirming traditional views otherscontradicting them. Despite such inconsistencies, it is now possible to recognize robust regions of a 'tree of life' and also to identify problematic areas which have yet to be resolved. This is the first book to apply the current state of phylogeny to an evolutionary interpretation of animal organsystems and body architecture, providing alternative theories in those cases of continuing controversy.Organs do not appear suddenly during evolution; instead they are composed of far simpler structures. In some cases it is even possible to trace particular molecules or physiological pathways as far back as pre-animal history. What emerges is a fascinating picture, showing how animals have combinedancestral and new elements in novel ways to form constantly changing responses to environmental requirements.The Evolution of Organ Systems starts with a general overview of current animal phylogeny, followed by review of general body organization including symmetry, anteroposterior axis, dorsoventral axis, germ layers, segmentation, and skeletons. Subsequent chapters then provide a detailed description ofthe individual organ systems themselves - integument, musculature, nervous system, sensory organs, body cavities, excretory system, circulatory system, respiratory system, intestinal system, gonads and gametes. Generously illustrated throughout, this accessible text is suitable for both upper levelundergraduate and graduate students taking courses in animal evolution, organogenesis, animal anatomy, zoology and systematics. It will also be a valuable reference tool for those professional researchers in these fields requiring an authoritative, balanced and up-to-date overview of thetopic.

About The Author

Andreas Schmidt-Rhaesa was born in Konigstein, Germany in 1966.He followed his passion for zoology by studying in Giessen and Gottingen (Germany), where he received his PhD in 1996. He worked as a PostDoc in Pittsburgh and Tampa (USA) and as assistant researcher at the Universities of Bielefeld and Braunschweig. Currently in the Depart...
Structure and Evolution of Invertebrate Nervous Systems
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Title:The Evolution of Organ SystemsFormat:PaperbackDimensions:368 pages, 9.69 × 7.44 × 0.79 inPublished:August 30, 2007Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198566697

ISBN - 13:9780198566694

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction2. The Phylogenetic Frame3. General Body Organization4. Integument5. Muscular System6. Nervous System7. Sensory Organs8. Body Cavities9. Excretory System10. Ciculatory System11. Respiratory System12. Intestinal System13. Reproductive System14. GametesFinal Conclusions