The Evolution of Personality and Individual Differences

Hardcover | November 27, 2010

EditorDavid M. Buss, Patricia H. Hawley

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Capturing a scientific change in thinking about personality and individual differences that has been building over the past 15 years, this volume stands at an important moment in the development of psychology as a discipline. Rather than viewing individual differences as merely the rawmaterial upon which selection operates, the contributing authors provide theories and empirical evidence which suggest that personality and individual differences are central to evolved psychological mechanisms and behavioral functioning. The book draws theoretical inspiration from life historytheory, evolutionary genetics, molecular genetics, developmental psychology, personality psychology, and evolutionary psychology, while utilizing the theories of the "best and the brightest" international scientists working on this cutting edge paradigm shift. In the first of three sections, the authors analyze personality and the adaptive landscape; here, the authors offer a novel conceptual framework for examing "personality assessment adaptations." Because individuals in a social environment have momentous consquences for creating and solving adaptiveproblems, humans have evolved "difference-detecting mechanisms" designed to make crucial social decisions such as mate selection, friend selection, kin investment, coalition formation, and hierarchy negotiation. In the second section, the authors examine developmental and life-history theoreticalperspectives to explore the origins and development of personality over the lifespan. The third section focuses on the relatively new field of evolutionary genetics and explores which of the major evolutionary forces - such as balancing selection, mutation, co-evolutionary arms races, and drift -are responsible for the origins of personality and individual differences. Existing as a seminal work in the newly emerging evolutionary psychology field, this book is a "must-read" for anyone invested in the development of psychology as a field.

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Capturing a scientific change in thinking about personality and individual differences that has been building over the past 15 years, this volume stands at an important moment in the development of psychology as a discipline. Rather than viewing individual differences as merely the rawmaterial upon which selection operates, the contrib...

David M. Buss is Professor of Evolutionary Psychology at the University of Texas at Austin. Buss received the American Psychological Association (APA) Distinguished Scientific Award for Early Career Contribution to Psychology; the APA G. Stanley Hall Award; and the APA Distinguished Scientist Lecturer Award. Patricia H. Hawley is Ass...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:496 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.98 inPublished:November 27, 2010Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195372093

ISBN - 13:9780195372090

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Table of Contents

Patricia H. Hawley and David M. Buss: The Evolution of Personality and Individual Differences: Past, Present, and FuturePart I. Personality and the Social Adaptive Landscape1. Evolutionary perspectives on the five-factor model of personalit2. Evolutionary perspectives on the five-factor model of personalitPart II. Developmental and Life History Perspectives on Personality3. The Role of Competition and Cooperation in Shaping Personality: An Evolutionary perspective on Social Dominance, Machiavellianism, and Children's Social Development4. Why Siblings Are Like Darwin's Finches: Birth Order, Sibling Competition, and Adaptive Divergence within the Family5. Explaining Individual Differences in Personality: Why We Need a Modular Theory6. The Development of Life History Strategies: Toward a Multi-Stage Theory7. Toward an Evolutionary-Developmental Understanding of Alternative Reproductive Strategies: The Central Role of Switch-Controlled Modular Systems8. Ecological Approaches to PersonalityPart III. Evolutionary Genetics of Personality9. Bridging the gap between modern evolutionary psychology and the study of individual differences10. Theory and methods in evolutionary behavioral genetics11. Twin, Adoption and Family Methods as Approaches to the Evolution of Individual Differences12. Evolutionary Processes Explaining the Genetic Variance in Personality: An Exploration of Scenarios13. Are Pleiotropic Mutations and Holocene Selective Sweeps the only Evolutionary-Genetic Processes Left for Explaining Heritable Variation in Human Psychological Traits?14. Selection and Evolutionary Explanations for the Maintenance of Personality Differences15. Testing the Evolutionary Genetics of Personality: Do Balanced Selection and Gene flow cause Genetically Adapted Personality Differences in Human Populations?Part IV. Practical Applications16. The Evolutionary Psychology of Psychopathology