The Formation of the Chinese Communist Party

Kobo ebook | November 20, 2012

byYoshihiro Ishikawa

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Official Chinese narratives recounting the rise of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) have tended to minimize its provocative influences and associations, therefore preventing a full understanding of the movement’s complex origins. Conducting careful readings and translations of recently released documents in Russian, Japanese, and Chinese, Ishikawa Yoshihiro builds a portrait of the party’s truly multinational character, revealing the early forces that shaped the movement and the ideologies of its competitors.

Making use of public and private documents and research, Ishikawa begins the story in 1919 with Chinese intellectuals who wrote extensively under pen names and, in fact, plagiarized or translated many iconic texts of early Chinese Marxism. Chinese Marxists initially drew intellectual sustenance from their Japanese counterparts, until Japan clamped down on leftist activities. They then turned to American and British sources, translated into Chinese. Ishikawa underscores these networks through an exhaustive survey of journals, newspapers, and other intellectual and popular publications. He reports on numerous early meetings involving a range of groups, only some of which were later funneled into CCP membership, and he follows the developments at Soviet Russian gatherings attended by a number of Chinese representatives who claimed to speak for a nascent CCP. Concluding his narrative in 1922, one year after the party’s official founding, Ishikawa clarifies a traditionally opaque period in Chinese history and sheds new light on the actions and attitude of the party throughout the twentieth century.

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Official Chinese narratives recounting the rise of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) have tended to minimize its provocative influences and associations, therefore preventing a full understanding of the movement’s complex origins. Conducting careful readings and translations of recently released documents in Russian, Japanese, and Chin...

Ishikawa Yoshihiro completed his graduate work at Kyoto University and is now an associate professor at its Institute for Research in Humanities. He has also taught at Kobe University. In addition to his research on the early Chinese Communist Party, he has followed the emergence of the social sciences in China and is currently invest...
Format:Kobo ebookPublished:November 20, 2012Publisher:Columbia University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0231504160

ISBN - 13:9780231504164

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Table of Contents

Introduction to the English Edition (2010)
Introduction (2001)
Akutagawa Ry?nosuke Meets a Chinese Communist in Shanghai
Catalysts to the Founding of a Chinese Communist Party
1. The Reception of Marxism in China
New Thought Trends in China at the Time of the May Fourth Movement
The Propagation of Marxism in Beijing
The Propagation of Marxism in Shanghai
The Propagation of Bolshevik Texts and the Emergence of New Ideas from Without
2. Soviet Russia
Unknown "Secret Emissaries"
Voitinsky's Activities
The "Bogus" Chinese Communist Party
3. Toward the Formation of the Chinese Communist Party
Movement Leading to the Formation of the Communist Party in Shanghai
Communist Groups in Other Chinese Cities
The Formation of the Chinese Communist Party: "The Chinese Communist Party Manifesto" and "Report to the Comintern"
4. The First National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party
Preparations for Convening a National Party Congress
The Opening of the Party National Congress
Young Party Members: Shi Cuntong as a Student in Japan
Afterword
Appendix 1. Chinese Translations from Japanese of Works on Socialism
Appendix 2. Explanation of Texts Concerning Chinese Socialism
Appendix 3. Shi Cuntong's Deposition
Abbreviations
Notes
Bibliography
Index

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Editorial Reviews

With this solidly documented and critically argued book, Ishikawa Yoshihiro has made a major contribution to our understanding of the process of the formation of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).