The Formation of the Hebrew Bible: A New Reconstruction

Hardcover | October 18, 2011

byDavid M. Carr

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In The Formation of the Hebrew Bible David Carr rethinks both the methods and historical orientation points for research into the growth of the Hebrew Bible into its present form. Building on his prior work, Writing on the Tablet of the Heart (Oxford, 2005), he explores both the possibilitiesand limits of reconstruction of pre-stages of the Bible. The method he advocates is a 'methodologically modest' investigation of those pre-stages, utilizing criteria and models derived from his survey of documented examples of textual revision in the Ancient Near East. The result is a new pictureof the formation of the Hebrew Bible, with insights on the initial emergence of Hebrew literary textuality, the development of the first Hexateuch, and the final formation of the Hebrew Bible. Where some have advocated dating the bulk of the Hebrew Bible in a single period, whether relatively early (Neo-Assyrian) or late (Persian or Hellenistic), Carr uncovers specific evidence that the Hebrew Bible contains texts dating across Israelite history, even the early pre-exilic period(10th-9th centuries). He traces the impact of Neo-Assyrian imperialism on eighth and seventh century Israelite textuality. He uses studies of collective trauma to identify marks of the reshaping and collection of traditions in response to the destruction of Jerusalem and Babylonian exile. Hedevelops a picture of varied Priestly reshaping of narrative and prophetic traditions in the Second Temple period, including the move toward eschatological and apocalyptic themes and genres. And he uses manuscript evidence from Qumran and the Septuagint to find clues to the final literary shaping ofthe proto-Masoretic text, likely under the Hasmonean monarchy.

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In The Formation of the Hebrew Bible David Carr rethinks both the methods and historical orientation points for research into the growth of the Hebrew Bible into its present form. Building on his prior work, Writing on the Tablet of the Heart (Oxford, 2005), he explores both the possibilitiesand limits of reconstruction of pre-stages o...

David M. Carr is Professor of Hebrew Bible at Union Theological Seminary.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:544 pages, 0.12 × 0.12 × 0.12 inPublished:October 18, 2011Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019974260X

ISBN - 13:9780199742608

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Table of Contents

Introduction: The Oral-Written Model and the Formation of the Hebrew BiblePart OneMethodological Prologue: Textual Transmission in the Ancient World and How to Reconstruct It1. Memory Variants and Evidence of Oral-Written Transmission of Israelite Literature2. Documented Cases of Transmission History, Part 1: Two Cases3. Documented Cases of Transmission History, Part 2: Broader Trends4. From Documented Growth to Method in Reconstruction of GrowthPart TwoExcavating the History of the Formation of the Hebrew Bible5. The Hasmonean Period: Finalization of Scripture in an Increasingly Greek World6. The Hellenistic Period up to the Hasmonean Monarchy: Priestly and Diaspora Textuality7. The Persian Period: Textuality of Persian-Sponsored Returnees8. The Babylonian Period: Trauma, Exile and the Transition to Post-Monarchal Textuality9. Bible for Exiles: The Reshaping of Stories about Israel's Earliest History10. Textuality Under Empire: Reflexes of Neo-Assyrian Domination11. From the Neo-Assyrian to Hasmonean Periods: Preliminary Conclusions and OutlookPart ThreeThe Shape of Literary Textuality in the Early Pre-Exilic Period12. Early States in the Highlands of Judah-Israel and Evidence for Literary Textuality in Them13. Royal Psalms: Locating Judah and Israel's Early Pro-Royal Literature14. Proverbs and Israel's Early Oral-Written Curriculum15. Other Supposedly Solomonic Books: Song of Songs and Qohelet16. Other Biblical Texts Potentially from the Early Monarchal Period17. Toward a New Picture of Early Monarchal Texts in the Hebrew Bible